Urgent and Emergency Care Update- September 2014

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Table of Contents


Administration & Management

Admissions and Waiting Times.

Allergy & Anaphylaxis.

Anaesthetics & Analgesia.

Cardiothoracic Emergencies.


Cerebral/Neurological Emergencies.

Disaster Preparedness.

Discharge & Aftercare.

Elderly in the Emergency Department

Emergency Transport of Patients.

Endocrine Emergencies.

Gastrointestinal Emergencies.

Haematological Emergencies.

Infectious Diseases.

Legal & Ethical Issues.

Mental Health Emergencies.

Military Casualties.

Minor Injuries.

Maxillofacial/Dental Emergencies.

Nephrology/Renal Emergencies.

Nursing Care.

Obstetric & Gynaecological Emergencies.

Ophthalmic Emergencies.

Orthopaedic Emergencies.

Paediatric Emergencies.

Patient Assessment/Diagnosis.



Pre Hospital Care.

Professional Development

Quality and Performance.

Respiratory Emergencies.

Septic Shock. 

Sports Injuries. 

Substance Abuse. 


Toxicology & Poisoning. 

Trauma & Injury. 






Young, JB, Sena, MJ & Galante, JM (2014) Physician roles in tactical emergency medical support: The first 20 years. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (1), pp.38-45.


Cohort Studies


Fuller, G, Woodford, M, Lawrence, T, Coats, T & Lecky, F (2014) Do prolonged primary transport times for traumatic brain injury patients result in deteriorating physiology? A cohort study. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (1), pp.60-67.


Practice Guidelines


Lamba, S, DeSandre, PL, Todd, KH, Bryant, EN, Chan, GK, Grudzen, CR, Weissman, DE & Quest, TE (2014) Integration of palliative care into emergency medicine: The improving palliative care in emergency medicine (IPAL-EM) collaboration. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (2), pp.264-270.


Other Articles


Ballard, DW, Reed, ME, Rauchwerger, AS, Chettipally, UK, Offerman, SR, Mark, DG, Vinson, DR & the Kaiser Permanente, CNI (2014) Emergency physician perspectives on central venous catheterization in the emergency department: A survey-based study Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (6), pp.623-630.

Basu, S & Ratcliffe, G (2014) Developing a multidisciplinary approach within the ED towards domestic violence presentations. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.192-195. Link to Full Text

Broadwater-Hollifield, C, Fair, J, Podolsky, S, Carey, J, Vlasic, K, Stephen, R, Madsen, T & Mallin, M (2014) Web-based emergency department patient satisfaction surveys may introduce potential for bias. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.404-409.

Davis, JS, Satahoo, SS, Butler, FK, Dermer, H, Naranjo, D, Julien, K, Van Haren, RM, Namias, N, Blackbourne, LH & Schulman, CI (2014) An analysis of prehospital deaths: Who can we save? Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.213-218

FitzGerald, G, Toloo, G & Romeo, M (2014) Emergency healthcare of the future. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.291-294.

Gutenstein, M (2014) Psychological factors in emergency medicine. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.295-299.

Sawyer, BT & Ginde, AA (2014) Scope of practice and autonomy of physician assistants in rural versus urban emergency departments  Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.520-525.

Seymour, CW, Kahn, JM, Martin-Gill, C, Callaway, CW, Angus, DC & Yealy, DM (2014) Creating an infrastructure for comparative effectiveness research in emergency medical services Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.599-607.

Shearer, FM, Rogers, IR, Monterosso, L, Ross-Adjie, G & Rogers, JR (2014) Understanding emergency department staff needs and perceptions in the provision of palliative care. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.249-255.


Government Reports


Monitor (2014) Reimbursement of urgent and emergency care: discussion document on options for reform. NHS England.

NHS England Urgent and Emergency Care Review Team (2014) Transforming urgent and emergency care services in England: Urgent and emergency care review: End of Phase 1 Report – High quality care for all, now and for future generations.  NHS England.

NHS England Urgent and Emergency Care Review Team (2014) Transforming urgent and emergency care services in England: Update on the Urgent and Emergency Care Review.  NHS England.

Administration & Management


Systematic Reviews


Scott, J, Strickland, AP, Warner, K & Dawson, P (2014) Frequent callers to and users of emergency medical systems: A systematic review. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.684-691. Full Text Link


Cross Sectional Studies


Pitts, SR, Vaughns, FL, Gautreau, MA, Cogdell, MW & Meisel, Z (2014) A cross-sectional study of emergency department boarding practices in the united states. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.497-503.


Retrospective Studies


Menke, NB, Caputo, N, Fraser, R, Haber, J, Shields, C & Menke, MN (2014) A retrospective analysis of the utility of an artificial neural network to predicted volume. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 32 (6), pp.614-617

Ward, MJ, Landman, AB, Case, K, Berthelot, J, Pilgrim, RL & Pines, JM (2014) The effect of electronic health record implementation on community emergency department operational measures of performance. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 63 (6), pp.723-730.


Practice Guidelines


Counselman, FL et al. (2014) The 2013 model of the clinical practice of emergency medicine Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.574-598.


Other Research Articles


Bell, A, Crilly, J, Williams, G, Wylie, K, Toloo, G, Burke, J & FitzGerald, G (2014) Funding emergency care: Australian style. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.408-410

Papa, A & Lefton, C (2014) Cutting-edge discussions of management, policy, and program issues in emergency care. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.387-389.

Admissions and Waiting Times


Review Articles


Crane, PW, Zhou, Y, Sun, Y, Lin, L & Schneider, SM (2014) Entropy: A conceptual approach to measuring situation-level workload within emergency care and its relationship to emergency department crowding. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.551-559.


Cohort Studies


Brick, C, Lowes, J, Lovstrom, L, Kokotilo, A, Villa-Roel, C, Lee, P, Lang, E & Rowe, BH (2014) The impact of consultation on length of stay in tertiary care emergency departments. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.134-138. Link to Full Text

Smith, S, Allan, A, Greenlaw, N, Finlay, S & Isles, C (2014) Emergency medical admissions, deaths at weekends and the public holiday effect. Cohort study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (1), pp.30-34. Link to Full Text


Retrospective Studies


Blom, MC, Jonsson, F, Landin-Olsson, M & Ivarsson, K (2014) The probability of patients being admitted from the emergency department is negatively correlated to in-hospital bed occupancy - a registry study. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.8. Link to Full Text

Dinh, MM, Bein, KJ, Byrne, CM, Gabbe, B & Ivers, R (2014) Deriving a prediction rule for short stay admission in trauma patients admitted at a major trauma centre in Australia. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.263-267. Link to Full Text

Liu, S, Nie, H, Huang, W, Liu, X, Luo, L, Lau, WB & Cao, Y (2014) Characteristics of patients who leave the emergency department without being seen: The first report in China. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.243-248.

Mumma, BE, McCue, JY, Li, C-S & Holmes, JF (2014) Effects of emergency department expansion on emergency department patient flow. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.504-509.

Smalley, CM, Jacquet, GA, Sande, MK, Heard, K & Druck, J (2014) Impact of a teaching service on emergency department throughput. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15 (2), pp.165-169. Link to Full Text

van der Linden, MC, van den Brand, CL, van der Linden, N, Rambach, AH & Brumsen, C (2014) Rate, characteristics, and factors associated with high emergency department utilization. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.9. Link to Full Text   


Observational Studies


Patel, PB, Combs, MA & Vinson, DR (2014) Reduction of admit wait times: The effect of a leadership-based program. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.266-273.


Cross Sectional Studies

Doyle, C, Jones, M & Bell, D (2014) Monitoring patient flow in emergency departments: The use of scatterplots versus time-based measures to assess patient flow in A&E. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.291-295

Kawano, T, Nishiyama, K, Anan, H & Tujimura, Y (2014) Direct relationship between aging and overcrowding in the ed, and a calculation formula for demand projection: A cross-sectional study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (1), pp.19-23. Link to Full Text

Totten, VY, Bryant, TK, Chandar, AK, Hoch, WB, Hunter, SL, Patel, NJ & Brenner, BE (2014) Perspectives on visitors in the emergency department: Their role and importance. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (1), pp.113-119.


Other Articles


Blom, M, Jonsson, F, Landin-Olsson, M & Ivarsson, K (2014) Associations between in-hospital bed occupancy and unplanned 72-h revisits to the emergency department: A register study. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.25. Link to Full Text

Booker, MJ, Simmonds, RL & Purdy, S (2014) Patients who call emergency ambulances for primary care problems: A qualitative study of the decision-making process. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp. 448-452. Link to Full Text

Derlet, RW, McNamara, RM, Kazzi, AA & Richards, JR (2014) Emergency department crowding and loss of medical licensure: A new risk of patient care in hallways. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15 (2), pp.137-141. Link to Full Text

Kim, SW, Li, JY, Hakendorf, P, Teubner, DJO, Ben-Tovim, DI & Thompson, CH (2014) Predicting admission of patients by their presentation to the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.361-367.

Krall, SP, Cornelius, AP & Addison, JB (2014) Hospital factors impact variation in emergency department length of stay more than physician factors. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15 (2), pp.158-164. Link to Full Text

Lobachova, L, Brown, DFM, Sinclair, J, Chang, Y, Thielker, KZ & Nagurney, JT (2014) Patient and provider perceptions of why patients seek care in emergency departments. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (1), pp.104-112.

O'Connor, E, Gatien, M, Weir, C & Calder, L (2014) Evaluating the effect of emergency department crowding on triage destination. International Journal of  Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.16  Link to Full Text

Parker, BT & Marco, C (2014) Emergency department length of stay: Accuracy of patient estimates. Western Journal of  Emergency Medicine, 15 (2), pp.170-175.

Santos, AP, Freitas, P & Martins, HMG (2014) Manchester triage system version II and resource utilisation in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.148-152. Link to Full Text

Stockbridge, EL, Wilson, FA & Pagán, JA (2014) Psychological distress and emergency department utilization in the United States: Evidence from the medical expenditure panel survey. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.510-519.

Storm-Versloot, MN, Vermeulen, H, van Lammeren, N, Luitse, JS & Goslings, JC (2014) Influence of the Manchester triage system on waiting time, treatment time, length of stay and patient satisfaction; a before and after study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (1), pp.13-18. Link to Full Text

Vinton, DT, Capp, R, Rooks, SP, Abbott, JT & Ginde, AA (2014) Frequent users of US emergency departments: Characteristics and opportunities for intervention. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.526-532. Link to Full Text

Allergy & Anaphylaxis

Chung, T, Gaudet, L, Vandenberghe, C, Couperthwaite, S, Sookram, S, Liss, K, Villa-Roel, C & Rowe, BH Pre-hospital management of anaphylaxis in one Canadian urban centre. Resuscitation, 85 (8), pp.1077-1082.

Grunau, BE, Li, J, Yi, TW, Stenstrom, R, Grafstein, E, Wiens, MO, Schellenberg, RR & Scheuermeyer, FX Incidence of clinically important biphasic reactions in emergency department patients with allergic reactions or anaphylaxis. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 63 (6), pp.736-744.e732.

Anaesthetics & Analgesia




Mittal, R & Vermani, E (2014) Femoral nerve blocks in fractures of femur: Variation in the current UK practice and a review of the literature. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.143-147.Link to Full Text


Randomised Control Trial


Baharuddin, KA, Rahman, NH, Wahab, SF, Halim, NA & Ahmad, R (2014) Intravenous parecoxib sodium as an analgesic alternative to morphine in acute trauma pain in the emergency department. International of Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.2  Link to Full Text  

Coffey, F, Wright, J, Hartshorn, S, Hunt, P, Locker, T, Mirza, K & Dissmann, P (2014) Stop!: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the efficacy and safety of methoxyflurane for the treatment of acute pain. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.613-618. Link to Full Text

Eken, C, Serinken, M, Elicabuk, H, Uyanik, E & Erdal, M (2014) Intravenous paracetamol versus dexketoprofen versus morphine in acute mechanical low back pain in the emergency department: A randomised double-blind controlled trial. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.177-181. Link to Full Text


Retrospective Studies


Dawson, N, Dewar, A, Gray, A, Leal, A & on behalf of the Emergency Medicine Research Group, E (2014) Association between ASA grade and complication rate in patients receiving procedural sedation for relocation of dislocated hip prostheses in a UK emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.207-209. Link to Full Text

Korinek, JD, Thomas, RM, Goddard, LA, St John, AE, Sakles, JC & Patanwala, AE (2014) Comparison of rocuronium and succinylcholine on postintubation sedative and analgesic dosing in the emergency department. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.206-211.

Lord, B, Bendall, J & Reinten, T (2014) The influence of paramedic and patient gender on the administration of analgesics in the out-of-hospital setting. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.195-200.

Patanwala, AE, Holmes, KL & Erstad, BL (2014) Analgesic response to morphine in obese and morbidly obese patients in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.139-142. Link to Full Text


Observational Studies


Yeaman, F, Meek, R, Egerton-Warburton, D, Rosengarten, P & Graudins, A (2014) Sub-dissociative-dose intranasal ketamine for moderate to severe pain in adult emergency department patients. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.237-242


Other Articles


Bhakta, HC & Marco, CA (2014) Pain management: Association with patient satisfaction among emergency department patients. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.456-464.

Cardiothoracic Emergencies


Systematic Reviews


Fouche, PF, Simpson, PM, Bendall, J, Thomas, RE, Cone, DC & Doi, SAR (2014) Airways in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.244-256.


Randomised Control Trials


Mooney, M, McKee, G, Fealy, G, O' Brien, F, O'Donnell, S & Moser, D (2014) A randomized controlled trial to reduce prehospital delay time in patients with acute coronary syndrome (acs). The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.495-506.

Than, M, Aldous, S, Lord, SJ, Goodacre, S, Frampton, CM, Troughton, R, George, P, Florkowski, CM, Ardagh, M, Smyth, D, Jardine, DL, Peacock, WF, Young, J, Hamilton, G, Deely, JM, Cullen, L & Richards, AM (2014) A 2-hour diagnostic protocol for possible cardiac chest pain in the emergency department: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Internal Medicine, 174 (1), pp.51-58.


Retrospective Reviews


Coventry, LL, Bremner, AP, Williams, TA, Jacobs, IG & Finn, J (2014) Symptoms of myocardial infarction: Concordance between paramedic and hospital records. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.393-401.


Cohort Studies


Davis, M, Lewell, M, McLeod, S & Dukelow, A (2014) A prospective evaluation of the utility of the prehospital 12-lead electrocardiogram to change patient management in the emergency department. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (1), pp.9-14.

Jenab, Y, Alemzadeh-Ansari, MJ, Fehri, SA, Ghaffari-Marandi, N & Jalali, A (2014) Effect of delay in hospital presentation on clinical and imaging findings in acute pulmonary thromboembolism. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.465-471.

Llorens, P, Sánchez, M, Herrero, P, Martín-Sánchez, FJ, Piñera, P, Miró, Ò & investigators, oboCs (2014) The utility of copeptin in the emergency department for non-st-elevation myocardial infarction rapid rule out: Coped-mirro study. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.220-229

Sánchez, M, Llorens, P, Herrero, P, Martín-Sanchez, FJ, Piñera, P, Miró, Ò & investigators, oboCs (2014) The utility of copeptin in the emergency department as a predictor of adverse outcomes in non-st-elevation acute coronary syndrome: The coped-pao study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.286-291. Link to Full Text


Observational Studies


Macdonald, SPJ, Nagree, Y, Fatovich, DM & Brown, SGA (2014) Modified TIMI risk score cannot be used to identify low-risk chest pain in the emergency department: A multicentre validation study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.281-285. Link to Full Text

Pang, PS, Collins, SP, Sauser, K, Andrei, A-C, Storrow, AB, Hollander, JE, Tavares, M, Spinar, J, Macarie, C, Raev, D, Nowak, R, Gheorghiade, M & Mebazaa, A (2014) Assessment of dyspnea early in acute heart failure: Patient characteristics and response differences between likert and visual analog scales.  Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (6), pp.659-666.


Case Reports


Daignault, MC, Saul, T & Lewiss, RE (2014) Focused cardiac ultrasound diagnosis of thoracic aortic aneurysm: Two cases. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.373-377.

Ip, EWK, Bourke, VC, Stacey, MC, Begley, P & Ritter, JC (2014) Hard to diagnose and potentially fatal: Slow aortic erosion post spinal fusion. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.335-340.


Other Articles


Bosson, N, Kaji, AH, Niemann, JT, Eckstein, M, Rashi, P, Tadeo, R, Gorospe, D, Sung, G, French, WJ, Shavelle, D, Thomas, JL & Koenig, W (2014) Survival and neurologic outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Results one year after regionalization of post-cardiac arrest care in a large metropolitan area. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.217-223.

Komatsu, T, Kinoshita, K, Sakurai, A, Moriya, T, Yamaguchi, J, Sugita, A, Kogawa, R & Tanjoh, K (2014) Shorter time until return of spontaneous circulation is the only independent factor for a good neurological outcome in patients with postcardiac arrest syndrome. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.549-555. Link to Full Text

Rubini Gimenez, M, Reiter, M, Twerenbold, R, Reichlin, T, Wildi, K, Haaf, P, Wicki, K, Zellweger, C, Hoeller, R, Moehring, B, Sou, SM, Mueller, M, Denhaerynck, K, Meller, B, Stallone, F, Henseler, S, Bassetti, S, Geigy, N, Osswald, S & Mueller, C (2014) Sex-specific chest pain characteristics in the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. JAMA Internal Medicine, 174 (2), pp.241-249.



Cochrane Reviews


Brooks, SC, Hassan, N, Bigham, BL & Morrison, LJ (2014) Mechanical versus manual chest compressions for cardiac arrest. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2, pp.CD007260. Link to Full Text


Randomised Control Trials


Rubertsson, S, Lindgren, E, Smekal, D, Ostlund, O, Silfverstolpe, J, Lichtveld, RA, Boomars, R, Ahlstedt, B, Skoog, G, Kastberg, R, Halliwell, D, Box, M, Herlitz, J & Karlsten, R (2014) Mechanical chest compressions and simultaneous defibrillation vs conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: The LINC randomized trial. JAMA, 311 (1), pp.53-61. Link to Full Text

Van Raemdonck, V, Monsieurs, KG, Aerenhouts, D & De Martelaer, K (2014) Teaching basic life support: A prospective randomized study on low-cost training strategies in secondary schools. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.284-290

van Tulder, R, Roth, D, Havel, C, Eisenburger, P, Heidinger, B, Chwojka, CC, Novosad, H, Sterz, F, Herkner, H & Schreiber, W (2014) “Push as hard as you can” instruction for telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A randomized simulation study. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.363-370.


Cross-Over Trial


Oh, JH, Kim, CW, Kim, SE, Lee, SJ & Lee, DH (2014) Comparison of chest compressions in the standing position beside a bed at knee level and the kneeling position: A non-randomised, single-blind, cross-over trial. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.533-535. Link to Full Text


Observational Studies


Chou, T-H, Fang, C-C, Yen, Z-S, Lee, C-C, Chen, Y-S, Ko, W-J, Wang, C-H, Wang, S-S & Chen, S-C (2014) An observational study of extracorporeal CPR for in-hospital cardiac arrest secondary to myocardial infarction. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.441-447. Link to Full Text


Case Reports


Leacock, BW (2014) Double simultaneous defibrillators for refractory ventricular fibrillation. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.472-474.


Other Research Articles


James Cheung, W, Rosenberg, H & Vaillancourt, C (2014) Barriers and facilitators to intraosseous access in adult resuscitations when peripheral intravenous access is not achievable

Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.250-256.

Lee, SH, Kim, K, Lee, JH, Kim, T, Kang, C, Park, C, Kim, J, Jo, YH, Rhee, JE & Kim, DH (2014) Does the quality of chest compressions deteriorate when the chest compression rate is above 120/min? Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.645-648. Link to Full Text

Reynolds, JC (2014) Does active chest compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation decrease mortality, neurologic impairment, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation–related complications after cardiac arrest? Annals of Emergency Medicine, 64 (2), pp.190-191. Link to Full Text

Swanson, C (2014) Reorganizing a resuscitation room using six sigma (6s) principles. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.371-376.

Tobias, AZ, Guyette, FX, Seymour, CW, Suffoletto, BP, Martin-Gill, C, Quintero, J, Kristan, J, Callaway, CW & Yealy, DM (2014) Pre-resuscitation lactate and hospital mortality in prehospital patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.321-327.

Walker, WM (2014) Emergency care staff experiences of lay presence during adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A phenomenological study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.453-458. Link to Full Text

Zakaria, ND, Ong, MEH, Gan, HN, Foo, D, Doctor, N, Leong, BS-H, Goh, ES, Ng, YY, Tham, LP, Charles, R, Shahidah, N, Sultana, P, Anantharaman, V & group, Ps (2014) Implications for public access defibrillation placement by non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest occurrence in Singapore. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.229-236.

Cerebral/Neurological Emergencies


Cochrane Reviews


Bellolio, MF, Gilmore, RM & Ganti, L (2014) Insulin for glycaemic control in acute ischaemic stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, pp.CD005346. Link to Full Text

Wardlaw, JM, Murray, V, Berge, E & del Zoppo, GJ (2014) Thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 7, pp.CD000213. Link to Full Text


Randomised Clinical Trials

Rickard, AC, Smith, JE, Newell, P, Bailey, A, Kehoe, A & Mann, C (2014) Salt or sugar for your injured brain? A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of mannitol versus hypertonic sodium solutions to manage raised intracranial pressure in traumatic brain injury. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.679-683. Link to Full Text

Zehtabchi, S, Abdel Baki, SG, Omurtag, A, Sinert, R, Chari, G, Roodsari, GS, Weedon, J, Fenton, AA & Grant, AC (2014) Effect of microeeg on clinical management and outcomes of emergency department patients with altered mental status: A randomized controlled trial. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.283-291.


Cohort Studies


Svoboda, T & Ramsay, JT (2014) High rates of head injury among homeless and low-income housed men: A retrospective cohort study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.571-575. Link to Full Text


Observational Studies


Valle, EJ, Van Haren, RM, Allen, CJ, Jouria, JM, Bullock, MR, Schulman, CI, Namias, N, Livingstone, AS & Proctor, KG (2014) Does traumatic brain injury increase the risk for venous thromboembolism in polytrauma patients? Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.243-250


Other Articles

Gropen, TI, Gokaldas, R, Poleshuck, R, Spencer, J, Janjua, N, Szarek, M, Brandler, ES & Levine, SR (2014) Factors related to the sensitivity of emergency medical service impression of stroke. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.387-392.

Lee, DH, Kim, WY, Shim, BS, Kim, TS, Ahn, JH, Chung, JW, Yoon, TH & Park, HJ (2014) Characteristics of central lesions in patients with dizziness determined by diffusion MRI in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.641-644. Link to Full Text

Mellon, L, Hickey, A, Doyle, F, Dolan, E & Williams, D (2014) Can a media campaign change health service use in a population with stroke symptoms? Examination of the first Irish stroke awareness campaign. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.536-540 Link to Full Text

Patel, MD, Brice, JH, Moss, C, Suchindran, CM, Evenson, KR, Rose, KM & Rosamond, WD (2014) An evaluation of emergency medical services stroke protocols and scene times. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (1), pp.15-21.

Reuben, A, Sampson, P, Harris, AR, Williams, H & Yates, P (2014) Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) in the emergency department: Predicting and pre-empting persistent symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (1), pp.72-77. Link to Full Text

Van Gent, J-M, Bandle, J, Calvo, RY, Zander, AL, Olson, EJ, Shackford, SR, Peck, KA, Sise, CB & Sise, MJ (2014) Isolated traumatic brain injury and venous thromboembolism. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.238-242.

Disaster Preparedness


Mortelmans, LJM, Van Boxstael, S, De Cauwer, HG, Sabbe, MB, Emergency, ABSo & study, DM (2014) Preparedness of Belgian civil hospitals for chemical, biological, radiation, and nuclear incidents: Are we there yet? European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.296-300

Zagelbaum, NK, Heslin, KC, Stein, JA, Ruzek, J, Smith, RE, Nyugen, T & Dobalian, A (2014) Factors influencing readiness to deploy in disaster response: Findings from a cross-sectional survey of the department of veterans affairs disaster emergency medical personnel system. BMC Emergency Medicine, 14, pp.16.

Discharge & Aftercare


Cohort Studies


Guss, DA, Gray, S & Castillo, EM (2014) The impact of patient telephone call after discharge on likelihood to recommend in an academic emergency department. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.560-566

Thiruganasambandamoorthy, V, Stiell, IG, Sivilotti, ML, Murray, H, Rowe, BH, Lang, E, McRae, A, Sheldon, R & Wells, GA (2014) Risk stratification of adult emergency department syncope patients to predict short-term serious outcomes after discharge (RiSEDS) study. BMC Emergency Medicine, 14, pp.8. Link to Full Text


Observational Studies


Cohn, B, Keim, SM & Sanders, AB (2014) Can anticoagulated patients be discharged home safely from the emergency department after minor head injury? The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.410-417.


Other Articles


O’Mara, MS, Ramaniuk, A, Graymire, V, Rozzell, M & Martin, S (2014) Lean methodology for performance improvement in the trauma discharge process. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (1), pp.137-142

Elderly in the Emergency Department


Review Articles


Sardar, P, Chatterjee, S, Chaudhari, S & Lip, GY (2014) New oral anticoagulants in elderly adults: Evidence from a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 62 (5), pp.857-864.


Randomised Control Trials


Sun, BC, McCreath, H, Liang, L-J, Bohan, S, Baugh, C, Ragsdale, L, Henderson, SO, Clark, C, Bastani, A, Keeler, E, An, R & Mangione, CM (2014) Randomized clinical trial of an emergency department observation syncope protocol versus routine inpatient admission. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 64 (2), pp.167-175.


Retrospective Studies


Leonard, C, Bein, KJ, Latt, M, Muscatello, D, Veillard, A-S & Dinh, MM (2014) Demand for emergency department services in the elderly: An 11 year analysis of the Greater Sydney area. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.356-360.

Merani, S, Payne, J, Padwal, R, Hudson, D, Widder, S, Khadaroo, R,  (2014) Predictors of in-hospital mortality and complications in very elderly patients undergoing emergency surgery. World Journal of Emergency Surgery, 9 (1), pp.43. Link to Full Text


Cohort Studies


Simpson, PM, Bendall, JC, Tiedemann, A, Lord, SR & Close, JCT (2014) Epidemiology of emergency medical service responses to older people who have fallen: A prospective cohort study. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.185-194.

Simpson, PM, Bendall, JC, Toson, B, Tiedemann, A, Lord, SR & Close, JCT (2014) Predictors of nontransport of older fallers who receive ambulance care. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.342-349.


Observational Studies


Asomaning, N & Loftus, C (2014) Identification of seniors at risk (ISAR) screening tool in the emergency department: Implementation using the plan-do-study-act model and validation results. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.357-364.e351.


Quality Improvement


Hayden, C, Burlingame, P, Thompson, H & Sabol, VK (2014) Improving patient flow in the emergency department by placing a family nurse practitioner in triage: A quality-improvement project. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.346-351.

Martin-Khan, M, Burkett, E, Schnitker, L, Jones, RN & Gray, LC (2013) Methodology for developing quality indicators for the care of older people in the emergency department. BMC Emergency Meicined, 13, pp.23. Link to Full Text


Other Articles


Ang, D, Norwood, S, Barquist, E, McKenney, M, Kurek, S, Kimbrell, B, Garcia, A, Walsh, CB, Liu, H, Ziglar, M & Hurst, J (2014) Geriatric outcomes for trauma patients in the state of Florida after the advent of a large trauma network. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (1), pp.155-160

Grossmann, F, Hasemann, W, Graber, A, Bingisser, R, Kressig, R & Nickel, C (2014) Screening, detection and management of delirium in the emergency department – a pilot study on the feasibility of a new algorithm for use in older emergency department patients: The modified confusion assessment method for the emergency department (mCAD-ED). Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 22 (1), pp.1-9. Link to Full Text

Jo, S, Jin, YH, Lee, JB, Jeong, T, Yoon, J & Park, B (2014) Emergency department occupancy ratio is associated with increased early mortality. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (2), pp.241-249.

Stevens, TB, Richmond, NL, Pereira, GF, Shenvi, CL & Platts-Mills, TF (2014) Prevalence of nonmedical problems among older adults presenting to the emergency department  Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (6), pp.651-658.

Emergency Transport of Patients


Retrospective Studies


Freshwater, ES, Dickinson, P, Crouch, R, Deakin, CD & Eynon, CA (2014) Extending access to specialist services: The impact of an onsite helipad and analysis of the first 100 flights. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.121-125. Link to Full Text


Observational Studies


Hesselfeldt, R, Gyllenborg, J, Steinmetz, J, Do, HQ, Hejselbæk, J & Rasmussen, LS (2014) Is air transport of stroke patients faster than ground transport? A prospective controlled observational study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.268-272. Link to Full Text


Other Articles


Brandstrom, H, Winso, O, Lindholm, L & Haney, M (2014) Regional intensive care transports: A prospective analysis of distance, time and cost for road, helicopter and fixed-wing ambulances. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 22 (1), pp.36. Link to Full Text

Patterson, PD, Lave, JR, Martin-Gill, C, Weaver, MD, Wadas, RJ, Arnold, RM, Roth, RN, Mosesso, VN, Guyette, FX, Rittenberger, JC & Yealy, DM (2014) Measuring adverse events in helicopter emergency medical services: Establishing content validity. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (1), pp.35-45.

Taylor, CB, Curtis, K, Jan, S & Newcombe, M (2013) Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) over-triage and the financial implications for major trauma centres in NSW, Australia. BMC Emergency Medicine, 13, pp.11. Link to Full Text

Thornes, JE, Fisher, PA, Rayment-Bishop, T & Smith, C (2014) Ambulance call-outs and response times in Birmingham and the impact of extreme weather and climate change. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.220-228. Link to Full Text

Endocrine Emergencies


Randomised Control Trials


Arora, S, Peters, AL, Burner, E, Lam, CN & Menchine, M Trial to examine text message–based mHealth in emergency department patients with diabetes (Text-MED): A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 63 (6), pp.745-754.e746.

Baskın, SB, Oray, NÇ, Yanturalı, S & Bayram, B The comparison of heparinized insulin syringes and safety-engineered blood gas syringes used in arterial blood gas sampling in the ED setting (randomized controlled study). The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 32 (5), pp.432-437.


Retrospective Studies


Becker, BA, Chin, E, Mervis, E, Anderson, CL, Oshita, MH & Fox, JC (2014) Emergency biliary sonography: Utility of common bile duct measurement in the diagnosis of cholecystitis and choledocholithiasis. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (1), pp.54-60.

Beskind, DL, Rhodes, SM, Stolz, U, Birrer, B, Mayfield, TR, Bourn, S & Denninghoff, K When should you test for and treat hypoglycemia in prehospital seizure patients? Prehospital Emergency Care, 13 (3), pp.433-441.

Gastrointestinal Emergencies


Cohort Studies


Ferguson, HJ, Hall, NJ & Bhangu, A (2014) A multicentre cohort study assessing day of week effect and outcome from emergency appendicectomy. BMJ Quality & Safety, 23 (9), pp.732-740. Link to Full Text

Haematological Emergencies


Systematic Reviews


Olaussen, A, Blackburn, T, Mitra, B & Fitzgerald, M (2014) Shock index for prediction of critical bleeding post-trauma: A systematic review. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.223-228.


Other Articles


Alikhan, R, Rayment, R, Keeling, D, Baglin, T, Benson, G, Green, L, Marshall, S, Patel, R, Pavord, S, Rose, P & Tait, C (2014) The acute management of haemorrhage, surgery and overdose in patients receiving dabigatran. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.163-168. Link to Full Text

Shields, D & Crowley, T (2014) Current concepts, which effect outcome following major hemorrhage.Journal of Emergency Trauma and Shock, 7 (1), pp. 20-24. Link to Full Text

Infectious Diseases


Cohort Studies


Garcia Gutierrez, S et al (2014) Predictive factors of severe multilobar pneumonia and shock in patients with influenza. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.301-307. Link to Full Text

Legal & Ethical Issues


Other Articles


Jesus, JE, Geiderman, JM, Venkat, A, Limehouse Jr, WE, Derse, AR, Larkin, GL & Henrichs Iii, CW (2014) Physician orders for life-sustaining treatment and emergency medicine: Ethical considerations, legal issues, and emerging trends. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 64 (2), pp.140-144.

Weigner, MB, Basham, HF, Dewar, KM, Rupp, VA, Cornelius, L & Greenberg, MR (2014) Patient attitudes regarding consent for emergency department computed tomographies. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15 (1), pp.14-19. Link to Full Text

Mental Health Emergencies


Retrospective Cohort Studies


Chakravarthy, B, Hoonpongsimanont, W, Anderson, CL, Habicht, M, Bruckner, T & Lotfipour, S (2014) Depression, suicidal ideation, and suicidal attempt presenting to the emergency department: Differences between these cohorts. Western Journal of  Emergency Medicine, 15 (2), pp.211-216. Link to Full Text


Other Articles


Chandler, A, Freeze-Ramsey, R & Seupaul, RA Is the use of haloperidol a safe and effective method of tranquilization for patients with psychosis-induced aggression or agitation? Annals of Emergency Medicine, 63 (6), pp.757-758.

Hefflefinger, L (2014) Transforming psychiatric care delivery in the emergency department: One hospital’s journey. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.365-370.

Military Casualties


Systematic Reviews


Hoencamp, R, Vermetten, E, Tan, ECTH, Putter, H, Leenen, LPH & Hamming, JF Systematic review of the prevalence and characteristics of battle casualties from NATO coalition forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. Injury, 45 (7), pp.1028-1034.


Other Articles


Penn-Barwell, JG, Bennett, PM, Kay, A, Sargeant, ID, Penn-Barwell, JG, Bennett, PM, Fries, CA, Cooper, J, Kendrew, JM, Midwinter, M, Rickard, RF, Sargeant, ID, Porter, K, Rowlands, T, Mountain, A, Kay, A, Jeffrey, S, Evirviades, D & Cubison, T Acute bilateral leg amputation following combat injury in UK servicemen. Injury, 45 (7), pp.1105-1110.

Minor Injuries


Other Articles

Lukacs, S, Tschobotko, B & Mazaris, E (2014) A new nonsurgical technique for managing zipper injuries. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.308-309

Whiteley, J & Goodacre, S (2014) Patient expectations of minor injury care: A cross-sectional survey. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.567-570. Link to Full Text

Maxillofacial/Dental Emergencies


Other Articles


DeAngelis, AF, Barrowman, RA, Harrod, R & Nastri, AL (2014) Maxillofacial emergencies: Oral pain and odontogenic infections. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.336-342.

Nephrology/Renal Emergencies


Randomised Clinical Trials


Kama, A, Yılmaz, S, Yaka, E, Dervişoğlu, E, Özgür Doğan, N, Erimşah, E & Pekdemir, M (2014) Comparison of short-term infusion regimens of N-Acetylcysteine plus intravenous fluids, sodium bicarbonate plus intravenous fluids, and intravenous fluids alone for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in the emergency department. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (6), pp.615-622.


Retrospective Studies


Grunau, BE, Pourvali, R, Wiens, MO, Levin, A, Li, J, Grafstein, E, Joo, D & Scheuermeyer, FX (2014) Characteristics and thirty-day outcomes of emergency department patients with elevated creatine kinase. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (6), pp.631-636.


Other Articles


Schuur, JD, Chambers, JG & Hou, PC (2014) Urinary catheter use and appropriateness in U.S. emergency departments, 1995–2010 Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.292-300.

Nursing Care


Other Articles


Blank, FSJ, Tobin, J, Jaouen, M, Smithline, E, Tierney, H & Visintainer, P (2014) A comparison of patient and nurse expectations regarding nursing care in the emergency department. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.317-322.

Shoqirat, N (2014) 'Let other people do it...': The role of emergency department nurses in health promotion. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23 (1-2), pp.232-242. Link to Full Text

Wolf, LA, Delao, AM & Perhats, C (2014) Nothing changes, nobody cares: Understanding the experience of emergency nurses physically or verbally assaulted while providing care. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.305-310.

Obstetric & Gynaecological Emergencies


Case Reports


Mundangepfupfu, T & Waseem, M (2014) Partial hydatidiform mole with false-negative urine human chorionic gonadatropin test in the emergency department. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.348-350.

Ophthalmic Emergencies


Retrospective Case Studies


Sun, MT, Chan, WO & Selva, D (2014) Traumatic orbital compartment syndrome: Importance of the lateral canthomy and cantholysis. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.274-278.


Other Articles


Kilker, BA, Holst, JM & Hoffmann, B (2014) Bedside ocular ultrasound in the emergency department. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.246-253

Wade, RG & Peacock, D (2014) Bilateral eye irrigation: A simple and effective hands-free technique. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.305-307

White, AE, Edelman, JJB, Lott, N, Bannon, PG, McElduff, P, Curnow, JL & Balogh, ZJ (2014) Characterization of the hypercoagulable state following severe orthopedic trauma. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.231-237

Orthopaedic Emergencies


Retrospective Studies


Nahm, NJ, Moore, TA & Vallier, HA (2014) Use of two grading systems in determining risks associated with timing of fracture fixation. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.268-279.


Other Articles


Bergh, TH, Lindau, T, Soldal, LA, Bernardshaw, SV, Behzadi, M, Steen, K & Brudvik, C (2014) Clinical scaphoid score (CSS) to identify scaphoid fracture with MRI in patients with normal x-ray after a wrist trauma. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.659-664.

Paediatric Emergencies


Cochrane Systematic Reviews


Gadomski, AM & Scribani, MB (2014) Bronchodilators for bronchiolitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6, pp.CD001266. Link to Full Text


Randomised Control Trials

Barkan, S, Breitbart, R, Brenner-Zada, G, Feldon, M, Assa, A, Toledano, M, Berkovitch, S, Shavit, I & Kozer, E (2014) A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial of oral midazolam plus oral ketamine for sedation of children during laceration repair. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.649-653. Link to Full Text

Chamberlain, JM, Okada, P, Holsti, M, Mahajan, P, Brown, KM, Vance, C, Gonzalez, V, Lichenstein, R, Stanley, R, Brousseau, DC, Grubenhoff, J, Zemek, R, Johnson, DW, Clemons, TE & Baren, J (2014) Lorazepam vs diazepam for pediatric status epilepticus: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA, 311 (16), pp.1652-1660.

Diestelkamp, S, Arnaud, N, Sack, PM, Wartberg, L, Daubmann, A & Thomasius, R (2014) Brief motivational intervention for adolescents treated in emergency departments for acute alcohol intoxication - a randomized-controlled trial. BMC Emergency Medicine, 14, pp.13. Link to Full Text

Florin, TA, Shaw, KN, Kittick, M, Yakscoe, S & Zorc, JJ (2014) Nebulized hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis in the emergency department: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatrics, 168 (7), pp.664-670

Garcia-Mata, S & Hidalgo-Ovejero, A (2014) Efficacy of reduction maneuvers for "pulled elbow" in children: A prospective study of 115 cases. Journal of Pediatric Orthopediatrics, 34 (4), pp.432-436.

Szajewska, H, Ruszczyński, M & Kolaček, S (2014) Meta-analysis shows limited evidence for using lactobacillus acidophilus lb to treat acute gastroenteritis in children. Acta Paediatrica, 103 (3), pp.249-255.

Wu, S, Baker, C, Lang, ME, Schrager, SM, Liley, FF, Papa, C, Mira, V, Balkian, A & Mason, WH (2014) Nebulized hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatrics, 168 (7), pp.657-663.


Cohort Studies


Easter, JS, Bakes, K, Dhaliwal, J, Miller, M, Caruso, E & Haukoos, JS (2014) Comparison of PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE rules for children with minor head injury: A prospective cohort study. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 64 (2), pp. 145-152  

Hwang, V, Trickey, AW, Lormel, C, Bradford, AN, Griffen, MM, Lawrence, CP, Sturek, C, Stacey, E & Howell, JM (2014) Are pediatric concussion patients compliant with discharge instructions? Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (1), pp.117-122


Retrospective Studies


Blake, D, Dalton, S & Gunja, N (2014) Transporting children with toxicological emergencies. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.279-285.

Mills, E, Craig, S & Oakley, E (2014) Busted! Management of paediatric upper limb fractures: Not all that it's cracked up to be. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.384-391.

Ritterman, SA, Daniels, AH, Kane, PM, Eberson, CP & Born, CT (2014) J-splint use for temporizing management of pediatric femur fractures: A review of 18 cases. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (8), pp.516-520

Ross, MJ, Liu, H, Netherton, SJ, Eccles, R, Chen, P-W, Boag, G, Morrison, E & Thompson, GC (2014) Outcomes of children with suspected appendicitis and incompletely visualized appendix on ultrasound. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.538-542.

Case Reports


Arora, R, Chiwane, S, Hartwig, E & Kannikeswaran, N (2014) A child with altered sensorium, hyperglycemia, and elevated troponins. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (2), pp.184-190.

Tillman, BW, Merritt, NH, Emmerton-Coughlin, H, Mehrotra, S, Zwiep, T & Lim, R (2014) Acute gastric volvulus in a six-year-old: A case report and review of the literature. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (2), pp.191-196.


Other Original Research


Acker, SN, Ross, JT, Partrick, DA, Nadlonek, NA, Bronsert, M & Bensard, DD (2014) Glasgow motor scale alone is equivalent to Glasgow coma scale at identifying children at risk for serious traumatic brain injury. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.304-309

Altgarde, J, Redeen, S, Hilding, N & Drott, P (2014) Horse-related trauma in children and adults during a two year period. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 22 (1), pp.40. Link to Full Text

Boutis, K, Howard, A, Constantine, E, Cuomo, A & Narayanan, U (2014) Evidence into practice: Emergency physician management of common pediatric fractures. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (7), pp.462-468

Choi, SJ, Kim, EY, Kim, HS, Choi, H-Y, Cho, J, Yang, HJ & Chung, YE (2014) Cumulative effective dose associated with computed tomography examinations in adolescent trauma patients. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (7), pp.479-482

Cicero, MX, Brown, L, Overly, F, Yarzebski, J, Meckler, G, Fuchs, S, Tomassoni, A, Aghababian, R, Chung, S, Garrett, A, Fagbuyi, D, Adelgais, K, Goldman, R, Parker, J, Auerbach, M, Riera, A, Cone, D & Baum, CR (2014) Creation and Delphi-method refinement of pediatric disaster triage simulations. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.282-289.

Cohen, JS, Jamal, N, Dawes, C, Chamberlain, JM & Atabaki, SM (2014) Cranial computed tomography utilization for suspected ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction in a pediatric emergency department. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.449-455.

Cottrell, EK, O'Brien, K, Curry, M, Meckler, GD, Engle, PP, Jui, J, Summers, C, Lambert, W & Guise, J-M (2014) Understanding safety in prehospital emergency medical services for children. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.350-358.

Cowley, A & Durge, N (2014) The impact of parental accompaniment in paediatric trauma: A helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 22 (1), pp.1-5. Link to Full Text

Dvorkin, R, Bair, J, Patel, H, Glantz, S, Yens, DP, Rosalia, A & Marguilies, J (2014) Is fever treated more promptly than pain in the pediatric emergency department? The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.327-334.

Freedman, SB, DeGroot, JM & Parkin, PC (2014) Successful discharge of children with gastroenteritis requiring intravenous rehydration. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (1), pp.9-20.

Gnani, S, McDonald, H, Islam, S, Ramzan, F, Davison, M, Ladbrooke, T, Majeed, A & Saxena, S (2014) Patterns of healthcare use among adolescents attending an urban general practitioner-led urgent care centre. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.630-636. Link to Full Text

Hashikawa, AN, Brousseau, DC, Singer, DC, Gebremariam, A & Davis, MM (2014) Emergency department and urgent care for children excluded from child care. Pediatrics, 134 (1), pp.e120-e127.

Hicks, CF, Ward, MJ & Platt, SL (2014) Adolescents’ and young adults’ perspectives on their emergency care. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (8), pp.529-533

Hoytema van Konijnenburg, EMM, Teeuw, AH, Zwaard, SA, van der Lee, JH & van Rijn, RR (2014) Screening methods to detect child maltreatment: High variability in Dutch emergency departments. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.196-200. Link to Full Text

Kinnaman, KA, Mannix, RC, Comstock, RD & Meehan, WPI (2014) Management of pediatric patients with concussion by emergency medicine physicians.  Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (7), pp.458-461

Kool, B, King, V, Chelimo, C, Dalziel, S, Shepherd, M, Neutze, J, Chambers, N & Wells, S (2014) Mild traumatic brain injury in children: Management practices in the acute care setting. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.376-383.

Lammers, R, Willoughby-Byrwa, M & Fales, W (2014) Medication errors in prehospital management of simulated pediatric anaphylaxis. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.295-304.

Lin, SC, Margolis, B, Yu, SM & Adirim, TA (2014) The role of medical home in emergency department use for children with developmental disabilities in the United States. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (8), pp.534-539

Mahabee-Gittens, EM, Dixon, CA, Vaughn, LM, Duma, EM & Gordon, JS (2014) Parental tobacco screening and counseling in the pediatric emergency department: Practitioners’ attitudes, perceived barriers, and suggestions for implementation and maintenance. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.336-345.

Medicine, AAOPCoPE, Committee, ACOEPPEM & Committee, ENAP (2014) Death of a child in the emergency department. Pediatrics, 134 (1), pp.198-201. Link to Full Text

Murphy, A, Barrett, M, Cronin, J, McCoy, S, Larkin, P, Brenner, M, Wakai, A & O'Sullivan, R (2014) A qualitative study of the barriers to prehospital management of acute pain in children. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.493-498. Link to Full Text

Nalliah, RP, Anderson, IM, Lee, MK, Rampa, S, Allareddy, V & Allareddy, V (2014) Children in the United States make close to 200,000 emergency department visits due to poisoning each year. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (7), pp.453-457

Neubrand, TL, Roswell, K, Deakyne, S, Kocher, K & Wathen, J (2014) Fascia iliaca compartment nerve block versus systemic pain control for acute femur fractures in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (7), pp.469-473

Sacchetti, A, Benjamin, L, Soriano, AR, Ponce, MG & Baren, J (2014) Should pediatric emergency physicians be decentralized in the medical community? Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (8), pp.521-524

Verbakel, JY, MacFaul, R, Aertgeerts, B, Buntinx, F & Thompson, M (2014) Sepsis and meningitis in hospitalized children: Performance of clinical signs and their prediction rules in a case-control study. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (6), pp.373-380

Winokur, EJ, Pai, D, Rutledge, DN, Vogel, K, Al-Majid, S, Marshall, C & Sheikewitz, P (2014) Blood culture accuracy: Discards from central venous catheters in pediatric oncology patients in the emergency department. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (4), pp.323-329.

Young, KD (2014) Observational study of family member presence for pediatric emergency department procedures. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (7), pp.449-452


Patient Assessment/Diagnosis


Retrospective Studies

Bruijns, SR, Guly, HR, Bouamra, O, Lecky, F & Wallis, LA (2014) The value of the difference between ED and prehospital vital signs in predicting outcome in trauma. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.579-582. Link to Full Text

Reed, MJ & Cheung, L-T (2014) Emergency department led emergency ultrasound may improve the time to diagnosis in patients presenting with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.272-275


Observational Studies


Bulut, M, Cebicci, H, Sigirli, D, Sak, A, Durmus, O, Top, AA, Kaya, S & Uz, K (2014) The comparison of modified early warning score with rapid emergency medicine score: A prospective multicentre observational cohort study on medical and surgical patients presenting to emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.476-481. Link to Full Text

Craig, S, Egerton-Warburton, D & Mellett, T (2014) Ultrasound use in Australasian emergency departments: A survey of Australasian College for Emergency Medicine fellows and trainees. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.268-273.


Cohort Studies


Leeuwenburgh, MMN, Stockmann, HBAC, Bouma, WH, Houdijk, APJ, Verhagen, MF, Vrouenraets, B, Cobben, LPJ, Bossuyt, PMM, Stoker, J, Boermeester, MA & the, OSG (2014) A simple clinical decision rule to rule out appendicitis in patients with nondiagnostic ultrasound results Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.488-496


Other Articles


Gaspari, RJ, Blehar, D, Polan, D, Montoya, A, Alsulaibikh, A & Liteplo, A (2014) The Massachusetts abscess rule: A clinical decision rule using ultrasound to identify methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in skin abscesses. Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.558-567.

Marshburn, TH, Hadfield, CA, Sargsyan, AE, Garcia, K, Ebert, D & Dulchavsky, SA (2014) New heights in ultrasound: First report of spinal ultrasound from the international space station. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (1), pp.61-70.

Rodriguez, RM, Baumann, BM, Raja, AS, Langdorf, MI, Anglin, D, Bradley, RN, Medak, AJ, Mower, WR & Hendey, GW (2014) Diagnostic yields, charges, and radiation dose of chest imaging in blunt trauma evaluations Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (6), pp.644-650.



Randomised Control Trials

Egerton-Warburton, D, Meek, R, Mee, MJ & Braitberg, G (2014) Antiemetic use for nausea and vomiting in adult emergency department patients: Randomized controlled trial comparing ondansetron, metoclopramide, and placebo. Annals of Emergency Medicine 9th May 2014 Ahead of Print.

Turkcuer, I, Serinken, M, Eken, C, Yilmaz, A, Akdag, Ö, Uyanık, E, Kiray, C & Elicabuk, H (2014) Intravenous paracetamol versus dexketoprofen in acute migraine attack in the emergency department: A randomised clinical trial. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.182-185.  Link to Full Text


Retrospective Studies


Graudins, A (2014) Overdose with modified-release paracetamol (Panadol Osteo®) presenting to a metropolitan emergency medicine network: A case series. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.398-402.


Other Articles


Ahern, F, Sahm, LJ, Lynch, D & McCarthy, S (2014) Determining the frequency and preventability of adverse drug reaction-related admissions to an Irish university hospital: A cross-sectional study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (1), pp.24-29. Link to Full Text

Dalawari, P, Patel, NM, Bzdawka, W, Petrone, J, Liou, V & Armbrecht, E (2014) Racial differences in beliefs of physician prescribing practices for low-cost pharmacy options. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.396-403.

Macht, M, Mull, AC, McVaney, KE, Caruso, EH, Johnston, JB, Gaither, JB, Shupp, AM, Marquez, KD, Haukoos, JS & Colwell, CB (2014) Comparison of droperidol and haloperidol for use by paramedics: Assessment of safety and effectiveness. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.375-380.

Quirke, M, O’Sullivan, R, Mccabe, A, Ahmed, J & Wakai, A (2014) Are two penicillins better than one? A systematic review of oral flucloxacillin and penicillin v versus oral flucloxacillin alone for the emergency department treatment of cellulitis. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.170-174



Retrospective Studies


Adhikari, S, Amini, R, Stolz, L, O'Brien, K, Gross, A, Jones, T, Fiorello, A & Keim, SM (2014) Implementation of a novel point-of-care ultrasound billing and reimbursement program: Fiscal impact. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 32 (6), pp.592-595.


Cohort Studies


Darling, CE, Sala Mercado, JA, Quiroga-Castro, W, Tecco, GF, Zelaya, FR, Conci, EC, Sala, JP, Smith, CS, Michelson, AD, Whittaker, P, Welch, RD & Przyklenk, K (2014) Point-of-care assessment of platelet reactivity in the emergency department may facilitate rapid rule-out of acute coronary syndromes: A prospective cohort pilot feasibility study. BMJ Open, 4 (1), pp.e003883. Link to Full Text


Other Articles


Adhikari, S, Morrison, D, Lyon, M, Zeger, W & Krueger, A (2014) Utility of point-of-care biliary ultrasound in the evaluation of emergency patients with isolated acute non-traumatic epigastric pain. Internnational Journal of Emergency Medicine, 95 (5), pp. 583-587. Link to Full Text

Bloom, BM, Connor, H, Benton, S & Harris, T (2014) A comparison of measurements of sodium, potassium, haemoglobin and creatinine between an emergency department-based point-of-care machine and the hospital laboratory. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.310-313

Fischer, LM, Woo, MY, Lee, AC, Wiss, R, Socransky, S & Frank, JR (2014) Emergency medicine point-of-care ultrasonography: A national needs assessment of competencies for general and expert practice. CJEM, 16 (0), pp.1-15.

Henwood, PC, Beversluis, D, Genthon, AA, Wilson, CN, Norwood, B, Silva, D, Foran, M, Romero, MG, Martinez, YB, Vargas, LE, Ocampo, AC, Vallejo, CE & Arbelaez, C (2014) Characterizing the limited use of point-of-care ultrasound in colombian emergency medicine residencies. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.7. Link to Full Text

Pre Hospital Care

Review Articles


Hoogmartens, O, Heselmans, A, Velde, SVd, Castrén, M, Sjölin, H, Sabbe, M, Aertgeerts, B & Ramaekers, D (2014) Evidence-based prehospital management of severe traumatic brain injury: A comparative analysis of current clinical practice guidelines. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.265-273.

Clinical Trials


Burnett, AM, Frascone, RJ, Wewerka, SS, Kealey, SE, Evens, ZN, Griffith, KR & Salzman, JG (2014) Comparison of success rates between two video laryngoscope systems used in a prehospital clinical trial. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.231-238.

Wang, HE, Brown, SP, MacDonald, RD, Dowling, SK, Lin, S, Davis, D, Schreiber, MA, Powell, J, van Heest, R & Daya, M (2014) Association of out-of-hospital advanced airway management with outcomes after traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic shock in the ROC hypertonic saline trial. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.186-191. Link to Full Text


Retrospective Studies


Beskind, DL, Rhodes, SM, Stolz, U, Birrer, B, Mayfield, TR, Bourn, S & Denninghoff, K (2014) When should you test for and treat hypoglycemia in prehospital seizure patients? Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.433-441.

Bodnar, D, Rashford, S, Hurn, C, Quinn, J, Parker, L, Isoardi, K & Williams, S (2014) Characteristics and outcomes of patients administered blood in the prehospital environment by a road based trauma response team. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.583-588. Link to Full Text

Bodnar, D, Rashford, S, Williams, S, Enraght-Moony, E, Parker, L & Clarke, B (2014) The feasibility of civilian prehospital trauma teams carrying and administering packed red blood cells. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.93-95. Link to Full Text

Chesters, A, Keefe, N, Mauger, J & Lockey, D (2014) Prehospital anaesthesia performed in a rural and suburban air ambulance service staffed by a physician and paramedic: A 16-month review of practice. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (1), pp.65-68. Link to Full Text

Kerem, Y, Eastvold, JS, Faragoi, D, Strasburger, D, Motzny, SE & Kulstad, EB (2014) The role of prehospital electrocardiograms in the recognition of st-segment elevation myocardial infarctions and reperfusion times. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (2), pp.202-207.

Smith, G, McD Taylor, D, Morgans, A & Cameron, P (2014) Prehospital management of supraventricular tachycardia in Victoria, Australia: Epidemiology and effectiveness of therapies. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.350-355.

Squire, BT, Tamayo-Sarver, JH, Rashi, P, Koenig, W & Niemann, JT (2014) Effect of prehospital cardiac catheterization lab activation on door-to-balloon time, mortality, and false-positive activation. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (1), pp.1-8.


Cohort Studies


Prekker, ME, Feemster, LC, Hough, CL, Carlbom, D, Crothers, K, Au, DH, Rea, TD & Seymour, CW (2014) The epidemiology and outcome of prehospital respiratory distress Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.543-550.


Observational Studies


Bledsoe, BE, Sweeney, RJ, Berkeley, RP, Cole, KT, Forred, WJ & Johnson, LD (2014) EMS provider compliance with infection control recommendations is suboptimal. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.290-294.


Other Research Articles


Beskind, DL, Stolz, U, Gross, A, Earp, R, Mitchelson, J, Judkins, D, Bowlby, P & Guillen-Rodriguez, JM (2014) A comparison of the prehospital motor component of the Glasgow coma scale (mGCS) to the prehospital total GCS (tGCS) as a prehospital risk adjustment measure for trauma patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (1), pp.68-75.

Clemency, BM, Roginski, M, Lindstrom, HA & Billittier, AJ (2014) Paramedic intubation: Patient position might matter. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.239-243.

Cleveland, N, Colwell, C, Douglass, E, Hopkins, E & Haukoos, JS (2014) Motor vehicle crash severity estimations by physicians and prehospital personnel. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.402-407.

Dickert, NW, Govindarajan, P, Harney, D, Silbergleit, R, Sugarman, J, Weinfurt, KP & Pentz, RD (2014) Community consultation for prehospital research: Experiences of study coordinators and principal investigators. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (2), pp.274-281.

Duchateau, F-X, Saunier, M, Larroque, B, Josseaume, J, Gauss, T, Curac, S, Wojciechowski-Bonnal, E & Mantz, J (2014) Use of bispectral index to monitor the depth of sedation in mechanically ventilated patients in the prehospital setting. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.669-672. Link to Full Text

Duckett, J, Fell, P, Han, K, Kimber, C & Taylor, C (2014) Introduction of the I-gel supraglottic airway device for prehospital airway management in a UK ambulance service. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.505-507. Doi: 10.1136/emermed-2012-202126. Link to Full Text

Francis, RC, Bubser, F, Schmidbauer, W, Spies, CD, Sörensen, M, Bosse, G & Kerner, T (2014) Effects of a standard operating procedure on prehospital emergency care of patients presenting with symptoms of the acute coronary syndrome. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.236-239

Hargreaves, K, Goodacre, S & Mortimer, P (2014) Paramedic perceptions of the feasibility and practicalities of prehospital clinical trials: A questionnaire survey. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.499-504. Link to Full Text

Morrissey, JF, Kusel, ER & Sporer, KA (2014) Spinal motion restriction: An educational and implementation program to redefine prehospital spinal assessment and care. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.429-432.

Wang, HE, Brown, SP, MacDonald, RD, Dowling, SK, Lin, S, Davis, D, Schreiber, MA, Powell, J, van Heest, R & Daya, M (2014) Association of out-of-hospital advanced airway management with outcomes after traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic shock in the ROC hypertonic saline trial. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.186-191. Link to Full Text

Professional Development


Systematic Reviews


Evans, R, McGovern, R, Birch, J & Newbury-Birch, D (2014) Which extended paramedic skills are making an impact in emergency care and can be related to the UK paramedic system? A systematic review of the literature. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.594-603. Link to Full Text

Other Research


Dixon, M & Gaisford, M (2014) A comparison of paramedic practice with that of an emergency care practitioner. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 6 (7), pp.354-360.

Eley, R, Sinnott, M, Steinle, V, Trenning, L, Boyde, M & Dimeski, G (2014) The need to address poor numeracy skills in the emergency department environment. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.300-302.

Gildfind, S, Egerton-Warburton, D & Craig, S (2014) Remember that patient you saw last week? Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.303-304.

Hegg-Deloye, S, Brassard, P, Jauvin, N, Prairie, J, Larouche, D, Poirier, P, Tremblay, A & Corbeil, P (2014) Current state of knowledge of post-traumatic stress, sleeping problems, obesity and cardiovascular disease in paramedics. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.242-247 Link to Full Text

Karakus, A & Senyer, N (2014) The preparedness level of final year medical students for an adequate medical approach to emergency cases: Computer-based medical education in emergency medicine. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.3. Link to Full Text

Knox, S, Cullen, W & Dunne, C (2013) Continuous professional competence (CPC) for emergency medical technicians in Ireland: Educational needs assessment. BMC Emergency Medicine, 13, pp.25. Link to Full Text 

Mitra, B, Jones, P, Fatovich, D, Thom, O & Trainee Research Committee, ACfEM (2014) Trainee perspectives on usefulness of the trainee research requirement. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.392-397.

Svirko, E, Lambert, T, Brand, L & Goldacre, MJ (2014) Career choices for emergency medicine: National surveys of graduates of 1993–2009 from all UK medical schools. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (7), pp.556-561. Link to Full Text

Tintinalli, JE (2014) Mid-level providers and emergency care: Let's not lose the force. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.403-407.

von Vopelius-Feldt, J & Benger, J (2014) Critical care paramedics in England: A national survey of ambulance services. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.301-304

Quality and Performance


Randomised Control Trials


Davis, RA, Dinh, MM, Bein, KJ, Veillard, A-S & Green, TC (2014) Senior work-up assessment and treatment team in an emergency department: A randomised control trial. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.343-349.


Observational Studies


Lovett, PB, Massone, RJ, Holmes, MN, Hall, RV & Lopez, BL (2014) Rapid response team activations within 24 hours of admission from the emergency department: An innovative approach for performance improvement.  Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (6), pp.667-672.


Retrospective Review


Sirleaf, M, Jefferson, B, Christmas, AB, Sing, RF, Thomason, MH & Huynh, TT (2014) Comparison of procedural complications between resident physicians and advanced clinical providers. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (1), pp.143-147


Cross Sectional Studies


Mahmoud, I, Hou, X-Y, Chu, K, Clark, M & Eley, R (2014) Satisfaction with emergency department service among non-English-speaking background patients. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (3), pp.256-261.


Other Articles


McHugh, M, Neimeyer, J, Powell, E, Khare, RK & Adams, JG (2014) Is emergency department quality related to other hospital quality domains? Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), pp.551-557

O'Keeffe, C, Mason, S & Knowles, E (2014) Patient experiences of an extended role in healthcare: Comparing emergency care practitioners (ECPS) with usual providers in different emergency and urgent care settings. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.673-674. Link to Full Text

Vezyridis, P & Timmons, S (2014) National targets, process transformation and local consequences in an nhs emergency department (ED): A qualitative study. BMC Emergency Medicine, 14, pp.12. Link to Full Text

Wilson, R, Goodacre, SW, Klingbajl, M, Kelly, A-M, Rainer, T, Coats, T, Holloway, V, Townend, W & Crane, S (2014) Evaluation of the DAVROS (development and validation of risk-adjusted outcomes for systems of emergency care) risk-adjustment model as a quality indicator for healthcare. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.471-475. Link to Full Text

Respiratory Emergencies


Randomised Clinical Trials


Clavenna, A, Sequi, M, Cartabia, M, Fortinguerra, F, Borghi, M & Bonati, M (2014) Effectiveness of nebulized beclomethasone in preventing viral wheezing: An RCT. Pediatrics, 133 (3), pp.e505-512.


Other Original Research Articles


Elliot, AJ, Hughes, HE, Hughes, TC, Locker, TE, Brown, R, Sarran, C, Clewlow, Y, Murray, V, Bone, A, Catchpole, M, McCloskey, B & Smith, GE (2014) The impact of thunderstorm asthma on emergency department attendances across London during July 2013. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.675-678. Link to Full Text

Torbati, SS, Schlesinger, S & Niku, D (2014) Acute respiratory failure during routine blood transfusion: A case report and review of the literature. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (3), pp.341-344.

Septic Shock


Randomised Control Trial


Yealy, DM, Kellum, JA, Huang, DT, Barnato, AE, Weissfeld, LA, Pike, F, Terndrup, T, Wang, HE, Hou, PC, LoVecchio, F, Filbin, MR, Shapiro, NI & Angus, DC (2014) A randomized trial of protocol-based care for early septic shock. New England Journal of  Medicine, 370 (18), pp.1683-1693.


Observational Study


Soga, T, Sakatani, K, Yagi, T, Kawamorita, T & Yoshino, A (2014) The relationship between hyperlactatemia and microcirculation in the thenar eminence as measured using near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with sepsis. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.654-658. Link to Full Text

Uittenbogaard, AJM, de Deckere, ERJT, Sandel, MH, Vis, A, Houser, CM & de Groot, B (2014) Impact of the diagnostic process on the accuracy of source identification and time to antibiotics in septic emergency department patients. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.212-219


Retrospective Study


Wallgren, UM, Castrén, M, Svensson, AEV & Kurland, L (2014) Identification of adult septic patients in the prehospital setting: A comparison of two screening tools and clinical judgment. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.260-265


Other Original Research Articles


Corfield, AR, Lees, F, Zealley, I, Houston, G, Dickie, S, Ward, K, McGuffie, C & Group, obotSTAGSS (2014) Utility of a single early warning score in patients with sepsis in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (6), pp.482-487. Link to Full Text

de Groot, B, Lameijer, J, de Deckere, ERJT & Vis, A (2014) The prognostic performance of the predisposition, infection, response and organ failure (PIRO) classification in high-risk and low-risk emergency department sepsis populations: Comparison with clinical judgement and sepsis category. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.292-300. Link to Full Text

Goulet, H, André, S, Sahakian, GD, Freund, Y, Khelifi, G, Claessens, Y-E, Riou, B & Ray, P (2014) Accuracy of oxygen tissue saturation values in assessing severity in patients with sepsis admitted to emergency departments. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.266-271.

Innocenti, F, Bianchi, S, Guerrini, E, Vicidomini, S, Conti, A, Zanobetti, M & Pini, R (2014) Prognostic scores for early stratification of septic patients admitted to an emergency department-high dependency unit. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (4), pp.254-259

Stolmeijer, R, ter Maaten, JC, Zijlstra, JG & Ligtenberg, JJM (2014) Oxygen therapy for sepsis patients in the emergency department: A little less? European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.233-235

Sports Injuries


Nalliah, RP, Anderson, IM, Lee, MK, Rampa, S, Allareddy, V & Allareddy, V (2014) Epidemiology of hospital-based emergency department visits due to sports injuries. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30 (8),

Substance Abuse


Systematic Review


Droste, N, Miller, P & Baker, T (2014) Emergency department data sharing to reduce alcohol-related violence: A systematic review of the feasibility and effectiveness of community-level interventions. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26 (4), pp.326-335.


Case Report


Balla, I, Karafotias, I & Christopoulos, C (2014) Intentional overdose with tinzaparin: Management dilemmas. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (2), pp.197-201.,

O'Connor, G, McGinty, T, Yeung, SJ, O'Shea, D, Macken, A, Brazil, E & Mallon, P (2014) Cross-sectional study of the characteristics, healthcare usage, morbidity and mortality of injecting drug users attending an inner city emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (8), pp.625-629. Link to Full Text



Systematic Review


Amadi-Obi, A, Gilligan, P, Owens, N & O'Donnell, C (2014) Telemedicine in pre-hospital care: A review of telemedicine applications in the pre-hospital environment. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1), pp.29. Link to Full Text


Cross Sectional Studies


Knowles, E, O'Cathain, A, Turner, J & Nicholl, J (2014) Awareness and use of a new urgent care telephone service, NHS 111: Cross-sectional population survey. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, Published on line 12th May.   

O’Cathain, A, Knowles, E, Turner, J & Nicholl, J (2014) Acceptability of NHS 111 the telephone service for urgent health care: Cross sectional postal survey of users’ views. Family Practice, 31 (2), pp.193-200. Link to Full Text

Toxicology & Poisoning


Retrospective Studies


Cha, YS, Cha, KC, Kim, OH, Lee, KH, Hwang, SO & Kim, H (2014) Features and predictors of myocardial injury in carbon monoxide poisoned patients. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (3), pp.210-215. Link to Full Text

Kearney, T, Hiatt, P, Birdsall, E & Smollin, C (2014) Pepper spray injury severity: Ten-year case experience of a poison control system. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.381-386.

Kudo, K, Otsuka, K, Yagi, J, Sanjo, K, Koizumi, N, Koeda, A, Umetsu, MY, Yoshioka, Y, Mizugai, A,

Mita, T, Shiga, Y, Koizumi, F, Nakamura, H & Sakai, A (2014) Predictors for delayed encephalopathy following acute carbon monoxide poisoning. BMC Emergency Medicine, 14, pp.3. Link to Full Text

Schurter, D, Rauber-Lüthy, C, Jahns, M, Haberkern, M, Kupferschmidt, H, Exadaktylos, A, Eriksson, U & Ceschi, A (2014) Factors that trigger emergency physicians to contact a poison centre: Findings from a Swiss study. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 90 (1061), pp.139-143. Link to Full Text


Observational Studies


Kim, J-Y, Yoon, Y-H, Lee, S-W, Choi, S-H, Cho, Y-D & Park, S-M (2014) Accuracy of transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring in hypotensive patients. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.323-326.. Link to Full Text


Other Research Articles


Schwarz, ES, Wax, PM, Kleinschmidt, KC, Sharma, K, Chung, WM, Cantu, G, Spargo, E & Todd, E (2014) Multiple poisonings with sodium azide at a local restaurant. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 46 (4), pp.491-494.

Trauma & Injury


Systematic Reviews


Healy, DA, Hegarty, A, Feeley, I, Clarke-Moloney, M, Grace, PA & Walsh, SR (2014) Systematic review and meta-analysis of routine total body CT compared with selective CT in trauma patients. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.101-108. Link to Full Text


Retrospective Studies


Acker, SN, Stovall, RT, Moore, EE, Partrick, DA, Burlew, CC & Bensard, DD (2014) Trauma remains a surgical disease from cradle to grave. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.219-225.

Seoane, L, Pertega, S, Galeiras, R, Astola, I & Bouza, T (2014) Procalcitonin in the burn unit and the diagnosis of infection. Burns, 40 (2), pp.223-229.

Smith, ZA & Wood, D (2014) Emergency focussed assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) and haemodynamic stability. Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (4), pp.273-277. Link to Full Text

Weaver, MD, Rittenberger, JC, Patterson, PD, McEntire, SJ, Corcos, AC, Ziembicki, JA & Hostler, D (2014) Risk factors for hypothermia in ems-treated burn patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18 (3), pp.335-341.


Economic Evaluations


Hafiz, S, Desale, S & Sava, J (2014) The impact of solid organ injury management on the US health care system. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.310-314


Other Articles


Brown, JB, Forsythe, RM, Stassen, NA, Peitzman, AB, Billiar, TR, Sperry, JL & Gestring, ML (2014) Evidence-based improvement of the national trauma triage protocol: The Glasgow Coma Scale versus Glasgow Coma Scale motor subscale. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (1), pp.95-102.

Colling, KP, Irwin, ED, Byrnes, MC, Reicks, P, Dellich, WA, Reicks, K, Gipson, J & Beilman, GJ (2014) Computed tomography scans with intravenous contrast: Low incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy in blunt trauma patients. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 77 (2), pp.226-230

Jo, S, Lee, JB, Jin, YH, Jeong, T, Yoon, J, Choi, SJ & Park, B (2014) Comparison of the trauma and injury severity score and modified early warning score with rapid lactate level (the views-l score) in blunt trauma patients. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.199-205

Langlo, NMF, Orvik, AB, Dale, J, Uleberg, O & Bjørnsen, LP (2014) The acute sick and injured patients: An overview of the emergency department patient population at a Norwegian university hospital emergency department. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (3), pp.175-180.

Mackenzie, CF, Wang, Y, Hu, PF, Chen, S-Y, Chen, HH, Hagegeorge, G, Stansbury, LG, Shackelford, S & Group, tOS (2014) Automated prediction of early blood transfusion and mortality in trauma patients. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 76 (6), pp.1379-1385.

Quinn, JV, Polevoi, SK & Kohn, MA (2014) Traumatic lacerations: What are the risks for infection and has the ‘golden period’ of laceration care disappeared? Emergency Medicine Journal, 31 (2), pp.96-100. Link to Full Text

Ruchholtz, S, Lefering, R, Lewan, U, Debus, F, Mand, C, Siebert, H & Kühne, CA (2014) Implementation of a nationwide trauma network for the care of severely injured patients. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 76 (6), pp.1456-1461

Savage, SA & Fabian, TC (2014) Damage control strategies in the management of acute injury. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 40 (2), pp.143-150. Link to Full Text

Valle, EJ, Allen, CJ, Van Haren, RM, Jouria, JM, Li, H, Livingstone, AS, Namias, N, Schulman, CI & Proctor, KG (2014) Do all trauma patients benefit from tranexamic acid? Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 76 (6), pp.1373-1378.

Wessem, KJP & Leenen, LPH (2014) The effect of evolving trauma care on the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 40 (2), pp.127-134. Link to Full Text

Wicker, S, Walcher, F, Wutzler, S, Stephan, C & Marzi, I (2014) Best practice for needlestick injuries. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 40 (2), pp.151-158. Link to Full Text


The following journals have been searched for evidence published in the previous three months

  • Academic Emergency Medicine
  • American Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Annals of Emergency Medicine
  • BMC Emergency Medicine
  • Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine Australasia
  • Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
  • Emergency Medicine International
  • Emergency Medicine Journal
  • European Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Internal and Emergency Medicine
  • International Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Internet Journal of Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care
  • Journal of Emergency Nursing
  • Open Access Emergency Medicine
  • Pre Hospital Emergency Care
  • Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
  • Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • World Journal of Emergency Surgery