Nutrition- April 2014

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Table of Contents

Cochrane Reviews. 

Dietician Role. 

Fluid Management 


Nursing Role.

Nutritional Status.



Cochrane Reviews

BILLSON HAZEL, A., HOLLAND, C., CURWELL, J., DAVEY VALERIE, L., KINSEY, L., LAWTON LIANNA, J., WHITWORTH ALISON, J. and BURDEN, S., 2013. Perioperative nutrition interventions for women with ovarian cancer. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9),
Abstract: Women with ovarian cancer have been shown to be at significant risk of malnutrition.. Nutrition interventions may improve clinical outcomes positively, nutritional status or quality of life measures in this patient group.  Full Text

HENSON CAROLINE, C., BURDEN, S., DAVIDSON SUSAN, E. and LAL, S., 2013. Nutritional interventions for reducing gastrointestinal toxicity in adults undergoing radical pelvic radiotherapy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (11),
Abstract: Systematic review for interventions to reduce the incidence/severity of acute GI symptoms in adults treated with pelvic radiotherapy. Full Text


Dietician Role

AGARWAL, E., FERGUSON, M., BANKS, M., BAUER, J., CAPRA, S. and ISENRING, E., 2013. An exploratory study to evaluate whether medical nutrition therapy can improve dietary intake in hospital patients who eat poorly. Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, 26(6), pp. 538-43
Abstract: In this pilot study, although dietary intake improved, it remained inadequate to meet patients estimated requirements as a result of ongoing nutrition-impact symptoms. Appropriate medical management and early enteral feeding could be a possible solution for such patients. Abstract

BOULLATA, J.I., GILBERT, K., SACKS, G., LABOSSIERE, R.J., CRILL, C., GODAY, P., KUMPF, V.J., MATTOX, T.W., PLOGSTED, S., HOLCOMBE, B. and AMERICAN, S.,NUTRITION, 2014. A.S.P.E.N. Clinical guidelines: parenteral nutrition ordering, order review, compounding, labeling, and dispensing. Jpen: Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition, 38(3), pp. 334-77
Abstract: This document provides evidence-based guidance for clinical practices involving Parenteral nutrition (PN) prescribing, order review, and preparation. Full Text  Abstract

CAMP, M. and TRUJILLO, E., 2014. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Nutritional Genomics. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics, 114(2), pp. 299-313
Abstract: The practical application of nutritional genomics for complex chronic disease is an emerging science and the use of nutrigenetic testing to provide dietary advice is not ready for routine dietetics practice.  Abstract
Full Text

EVANS, L. and BEST, C., 2014. Accurate assessment of patient weight. Nursing Times, 110(12), pp. 12-14
Abstract: Patient weight is a fundamental part of nutrition assessment and may be used to calculate drug dosages and assess fluid balance. It is vital that staff carrying out this  measurement are trained and have access to appropriate, regularly calibrated equipment. Full Text  

FRENKEL, M., ABRAMS, D.I., LADAS, E.J., DENG, G., HARDY, M., CAPODICE, J.L., WINEGARDNER, M.F., GUBILI, J.K., YEUNG, K.S. and KUSSMANN, H., 2013. Integrating dietary supplements into cancer care. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 12(5), pp. 369-84
Abstract: Many studies confirm that a majority of patients undergoing cancer therapy use self-selected forms of complementary therapies, mainly dietary supplements. This review looks at the types of supplements used and their indications. Abstract.

JUSTESEN, L., MIKKELSEN, B.E. and GYIMOTHY, S., 2014. Understanding hospital meal experiences by means of participant-driven-photo-elicitation. Appetite, 75, pp. 30-39
Abstract: This study investigated patients' hospital meal experiences using participant-driven-photo-elicitation. The study found that PDPE is a research method that can be used for expanding the conceptualisation of hospital meal experiences. Abstract

MYERS, F., 2014. Nutrition Care Process and Model and the International Dietetics and Nutrition Terminology. Nutrition Today, 49(1), pp. 26-32
Abstract: This article summarizes the highlights from the past 2 years of the Nutrition Care Process and Model and International Dietetics and Nutrition Terminology and illustrates how the concepts included have been used. Abstract

STEINMULLER, P.L., KRUSKALL, L.J., KARPINSKI, C.A., MANORE, M.M., MACEDONIO, M.A. and MEYER, N.L., 2014. Academy of nutrition and dietetics: revised 2014 standards of practice and standards of professional performance for registered dietitian nutritionists (competent, proficient, and expert) in sports nutrition and dietetics. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics, 114(4), pp. 631-641.e43
Abstract: The Sports, Cardiovascular, and Wellness Nutrition Dietetic Practice Group, with guidance from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Management Committee, has developed the Revised 2014 Standards of Practice and Standards of Professional Performance. Full TextAbstract

TODD, A., CARROLL, R., GALLAGHER, M. and MEADE, A., 2013. Nutritional status of haemodialysis patients: comparison of Australian cohorts of Aboriginal and European descent. Nephrology, 18(12), pp. 790-7
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the nutritional status of Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal haemodialysis subjects at satellite dialysis centres. Further research should focus on establishing a knowledge base for the nutritional management for Aboriginal dialysis subjects. Abstract

VANNICE, G. and RASMUSSEN, H., 2014. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Dietary Fatty Acids for Healthy Adults. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics, 114(1), pp. 136-154
Abstract: It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (the Academy) that dietary fat for the healthy adult population should provide 20% to 35% of energy.The Academy recognizes that scientific knowledge about the effects of dietary fats on human health is young. Full Text  Abstract

Fluid Management

Clinical update: IV fluid therapy. 2014. Nursing Standard, 28(23), pp. 19
Abstract: Many adult hospital inpatients need intravenous (IV) fluid therapy to prevent or correct problems with their fluid and electrolyte status. Research suggests that as many as one in five patients receiving IV therapy could experience complications or die as a result of inappropriate use of fluids. Full Text  

Intravenous fluid therapy in adults in hospital. 2014. Journal of Perioperative Practice, 24(3), pp. 38-38. Full Text

ALSOLAMY, S., 2014. Islamic Views on Artificial Nutrition and Hydration in Terminally Ill Patients. Bioethics, 28(2), pp. 96-100
Abstract: The decision about withholding or withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration from the terminally ill Muslim patient is made with informed consent, considering the clinical context of minimizing harm to the patient, with input from the patient, family members, health care providers, and religious scholars. Abstract

DIMARIA-GHALILI, R.,ANN and NICOLO, M., 2014. Nutrition and Hydration in Older Adults in Critical Care. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 26(1), pp. 31-46
Abstract: As the science and practice of older adult nursing expanding to meet the needs of the aging population, further research is needed. Abstract.

EL-SHARKAWY, M., SAHOTA, O., MAUGHAN, J. and LOBO, N., 2014. The pathophysiology of fluid and electrolyte balance in the older adult surgical patient. Clinical Nutrition, 33(1), pp. 6-14
Abstract: The aim of this narrative review is to highlight key aspects of age-related pathophysiological changes that affect fluid and electrolyte balance in older adults and underpin their importance in the perioperative period. Abstract  Full Text

ISSA, V.S., ANDRADE, L., AYUB-FERREIRA, S.M., BACAL, F., DE, A.C.,AC, GUIMARAES, G.V., MARCONDES-BRAGA, F.G., CRUZ, F.D., CHIZZOLA, P.R., CONCEICAO-SOUZA, G.E., VELASCO, I.T. and BOCCHI, E.A., 2013. Hypertonic saline solution for prevention of renal dysfunction in patients with decompensated heart failure. International journal of cardiology, 167(1), pp. 34-40
Abstract: The study investigates the effects of hypertonic saline solution (HSS) for prevention of renal dysfunction in decompensated heart failure. HSS administration attenuated heart failure-induced kidney dysfunction as indicated by improvement in both glomerular and tubular defects. Abstract Full Text

MCLAFFERTY, E., JOHNSTONE, C., HENDRY, C. and FARLEY, A., 2014. Fluid and electrolyte balance. Nursing Standard, 28(29), pp. 42-9
Abstract: This article explores fluid and electrolyte balance with reference to the normal physiology of body fluids and regulation of fluids and electrolytes. It also considers some common conditions associated with fluid imbalance. Abstract Full Text 

NICE, 2013. Intravenous fluid therapy in adults in hospital (Clinical Guideline). 
Abstract: This clinical guideline offers evidence-based advice on intravenous (IV) fluid therapy for adults in hospital. Full Text

SHERRATT, R., 2014. NICE guidance on giving intravenous fluids. Nursing times, 110(6), pp. 12-14
Abstract: A suggested gap in nurse training prompted NICE to produce guidance on use of IV fluid therapy aimed at all health professionals providing this therapy. Full Text

SPASOVSKI, G., VANHOLDER, R., ALLOLIO, B., ANNANE, D., BALL, S., BICHET, D., DECAUX, G., FENSKE, W., HOORN, E., ICHAI, C., JOANNIDIS, M., SOUPART, A., ZIETSE, R., HALLER, M., VAN, S.,VEER, VAN, W. and NAGLER, E., 2014. Clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and treatment of hyponatraemia. Intensive care medicine, 40(3), pp. 320-31
Abstract: Clinical Practice Guideline developed as a joint venture of three societies representing specialists with a natural interest in hyponatraemia. on the diagnostic approach and treatment of hyponatraemia. Abstract  Full Text

WILKMAN, E., KUITUNEN, A., PETTILA, V. and VARPULA, M., 2014. Fluid responsiveness predicted by elevation of PEEP in patients with septic shock. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 58(1), pp. 27-35
Abstract: In patients with septic shock, the absence of decrease in MAP during an elevation of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) may be used to identify patients who will not increase their cardiac output in response to fluid challenge. Abstract

WILMS, H., MITTAL, A., HAYDOCK, D., VAN, D.,MARC, DEVAUD, M. and WINDSOR, A., 2014. A systematic review of goal directed fluid therapy: Rating of evidence for goals and monitoring methods. Journal of critical care, 29(2), pp. 204-210
Abstract: A review of the literature on goal directed fluid therapy to evaluate the quality of evidence for each combination of goal and monitoring method. This review has highlighted the plethora of goals and methods for monitoring fluid therapy. There is scant high quality evidence. Abstract  Full Text 

YATES, D.R., DAVIES, S.J., MILNER, H.E. and WILSON, R.J., 2014. Crystalloid or colloid for goal-directed fluid therapy in colorectal surgery. British journal of anaesthesia, 112(2), pp. 281-9
Abstract: Goal-directed fluid therapy is possible with either crystalloid or HES. There is no evidence of a benefit in using HES over crystalloid, despite its use resulting in a lower 24 h fluid balance. Full Text

ZAKHALEVA, J., TAM, J., DENOYA, P.I., BISHAWI, M. and BERGAMASCHI, R., 2013. The impact of intravenous fluid administration on complication rates in bowel surgery within an enhanced recovery protocol: a randomized controlled trial. Colorectal Disease, 15(7), pp. 892-9
Abstract: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the hypothesis that there is no difference in complications in patients receiving intravenous (iv) water and electrolyte, based on either stroke volume or clinical indicators at bowel surgery. Full Text Abstract


CAHILL, N.E., MURCH, L., COOK, D. and HEYLAND, D.K., 2014. Improving the provision of enteral nutrition in the intensive care unit: A description of a multifaceted intervention tailored to overcome local barriers. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 29(1), pp. 110-117
Abstract: Article describing the development and implementation of a tailored intervention to overcome barriers to enterally feeding critically ill patients. This stepwise process to developing and implementing an intervention tailored to barriers is promising and could be considered by providers seeking to improve nutrition practice. Abstract

DE, W.,ELISABETH, SPAPEN, H., HONORÉ, M., MATTENS, S., VAN, G.,VIOLA, DILTOER, M. and HUYGHENS, L., 2013. Introducing a new generation indirect calorimeter for estimating energy requirements in adult intensive care unit patients: feasibility, practical considerations, and comparison with a mathematical equation. Journal of critical care, 28(5), pp. 884
Abstract: Indirect calorimetry (IC) is increasingly advocated for individualizing nutritional therapy in critically ill adult patients, but questions remain regarding its practical implementation.  Large differences between measured and calculated energy expenditure are observed. Full Text. Abstract

FIATARONE, M.A.,MA, 2014. Exercise, nutrition and managing hip fracture in older persons. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care, 17(1), pp. 12-24
Abstract: The purpose of this review is to summarize recent evidence for exercise and nutrition in the management of hip fracture. Evidence-based approaches to hip fracture should include comprehensive risk-factor assessment and treatment of a range of associated modalities. Abstract.

FREIJER, K., BOURS, M.J.L., NUIJTEN, M.J.C., POLEY, M.J., MEIJERS, J.M.M., HALFENS, R.J.G. and SCHOLS, J.M.G.A., 2014. The economic value of enteral medical nutrition in the management of disease-related malnutrition: A systematic review. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 15(1), pp. 17-29
Abstract: In this systematic review, economic evaluations of enteral medical nutrition in the management of disease-related malnutrition (DRM) were reviewed and qualified to estimate the economic value. Abstract Full Text  

KIM, H., STOTTS, A., FROELICHER, S., ENGLER, M. and PORTER, C., 2013. Enteral nutritional intake in adult Korean intensive care patients. American Journal of Critical Care, 22(2), pp. 126

Abstract: This study aimed to assess the nutritional intake of energy and protein during the first 4 days after initiation of enteral feeding and to examine the relationship between intake and interruptions of enteral feeding in Korean patients in intensive care.
Full Text Abstract

KONDRUP, J., 2014. Nutritional-risk scoring systems in the intensive care unit. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 17(2), pp. 177-182
Abstract: The purpose of this review is to analyze the recent randomized trials to assist clinical staff in deciding whether or not a patient in the ICU should be given nutrition support. Abstract

MANZANARES, W., DHALIWAL, R., JUREWITSCH, B., STAPLETON, R.D., JEEJEEBHOY, K.N. and HEYLAND, D.K., 2014. Parenteral fish oil lipid emulsions in the critically ill: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Jpen: Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition, 38(1), pp. 20-8
Abstract: Fish oil-containing lipid emulsions may be able to decrease mortality and ventilation days in the critically ill. However, because of the paucity of clinical data, there is inadequate evidence to recommend the routine use of parenteral FO. Abstract

MASSIRONI, S., ROSSI, R.E., CAVALCOLI, F.A., DELLA, S., FRAQUELLI, M. and CONTE, D., 2013. Nutritional deficiencies in inflammatory bowel disease: therapeutic approaches. Clinical Nutrition, 32(6), pp. 904-10
Abstract: Review of the literature to highlight the imprance of proper nutiriton management to avoid protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient depletion in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Abstract Full Text

ROBERTSON, S., 2014. Parenteral nutrition. Nursing Standard, 28(30),

Abstract: Parenteral nutrition is a method of administering nutrition and hydration intravenously. Usually, nutrients are absorbed from the different foods we consume via the action of enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract. Abstract Full Text

SMART, C.M., PRIMROSE, C.W., PETERS, A.L. and SPEIRITS, E.J., 2014. The properties of an improvised piston pump for the rapid delivery of intravenous fluids. Anaesthesia, 69(2), pp. 111-7
Abstract: To maximise the effect of a small fluid load, it is occasionally desirable to bolus manually with multiple depressions of a large-capacity syringe. The proposed piston pump appears to have potential for both tight control of fluid delivery and major high-volume resuscitation. Abstract

VASSON, M.P., TALVAS, J., PERCHE, O., DILLIES, A.F., BACHMANN, P., PEZET, D., ACHIM, A.C., POMMIER, P., RACADOT, S., WEBER, A., RAMDANI, M., KWIATKOWSKI, F. and BOUTELOUP, C., 2014. Immunonutrition improves functional capacities in head and neck and esophageal cancer patients undergoing radiochemotherapy: A randomized clinical trial. Clinical Nutrition, 33(2), pp. 204-211
Abstract: Malnutrition is frequent in head and neck (HN) and esophageal cancer patients and aggravated by radiochemotherapy (RCT), increasing morbi-mortality and treatment toxicity.  These preliminary data show that immunonutrition could improve the nutritional status together with functional capacity in HN and esophageal cancer patients undergoing RCT.       Abstract Full Text

WANG, W.P., YAN, X.L., NI, Y.F., GUO, K., KE, C.K., CHENG, Q.S., LU, Q., ZHANG, L.J. and LI, X.F., 2014. Effects of lipid emulsions in parenteral nutrition of esophageal cancer surgical patients receiving enteral nutrition: A comparative analysis. Nutrients, 6(1), pp. 111-123
Abstract: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of two lipid emulsions in parenteral nutrition (PN) in esophageal cancer patients undergoing surgery. PN containing olive oil-based or MCT/LCT LEs had similar effects on perioperative outcome in patients receiving EN. Full Text  Abstract

WILLIAMS, A., LESLIE, D., LEEN, T., MILLS, L. and DOBB, J., 2013. Reducing interruptions to continuous enteral nutrition in the intensive care unit: a comparative study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(19), pp. 2838
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop and test strategies to reduce interruptions to enteral feeding to improve practice and promote attainment of nutritional goals. Abstract

XU, Z., LI, Y., YANG, X., WANG, J. and LI, J., 2014. Early detection of coagulation abnormalities in patients at nutritional risk: the novel role of thromboelastography. The American Surgeon, 80(1), pp. 81-86
Abstract: Study to investigate whether coagulation disorders are more prevalent in patients with malnutrition. The phenomenon described in this article should be useful in further studies of patients with malnutrition. Abstract Full Text

Nursing Role

BOND, P., EWEN, J. and MILLER, M., 2013. Sharing nutrition needs from care home to ward. Nursing times, 109(39), pp. 20
Abstract: When care home residents are admitted to or discharged from hospital, ensuring their nutritional needs are met requires effective communication between the two settings. Full Text

BUSS, M. and WARREN, A., 2014. Death by chocolate: How to palliate to dysphagia. Journal of pain and symptom management, 47(2),
Abstract: Article discussing the best approach for evaluating dysphagia, focusing on when subjective bedside swallowing studies are adequate and when more objective measures are needed, and prescribing palliative management strategies for dysphagia. Full Text


DELEGGE, M.H. and KELLEY, A.T., 2013. State of nutrition support teams. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 28(6), pp. 691-7
Abstract: Nutrition support teams (NSTs) are interdisciplinary support teams with specialty training in nutrition that are often comprised of physicians, dietitians, nurses, and pharmacists. The benefits of NST, training and implementation strategies are discussed in this review. Abstract

EVANS, L. and BEST, C., 2014. Accurate assessment of patient weight. Nursing Times, 110(12), pp. 12-14
Abstract: Patient weight is a fundamental part of nutrition assessment and may be used to calculate drug dosages and assess fluid balance. It is vital that staff carrying out this measurement are trained and have access to appropriate, regularly calibrated equipment. Full Text

FRANKLIN, N., 2014. Malnutrition and the role of nurses: A nursing issue. Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, 21(7), pp. 33
Abstract: Malnutrition is a significant clinical issue for patients in hospital as it increases hospital stays; is associated with increased readmission rates;  delayed wound healing ; post-operative and treatment complications; decreased quality of life; and a significant contributor towards mortality.   Full Text Abstract

HONDA, C.,YAMAMOTO, FREITAS, F.,REZENDE, STANICH, P., MAZZA, B.,FRANCO, CASTRO, I., NASCENTE, A.,METRAN, BAFI, A.,TONETI, AZEVEDO, L.,PONTES and MACHADO, F.,RIBEIRO, 2013. Nurse to Bed Ratio and Nutrition Support in Critically Ill Patients. American Journal of Critical Care, 22(6),
Abstract: Study to determine how often daily calorie goals are met and the factors responsible for inadequate nutrition support. Conclusions were that achievement of daily calorie goals was inadequate, and the main factors associated with this failure were the use and dosage of midazolam and the number of nurses available. Abstract   Full Text

HUXTABLE, S. and PALMER, M., 2013. The efficacy of protected mealtimes in reducing mealtime interruptions and improving mealtime assistance in adult inpatients in an Australian hospital. European journal of clinical nutrition, 67(9), pp. 904
Abstract: A Protected Mealtimes Programme (PMP) encourages staff, volunteers and visitors to assist patients and cease non-urgent clinical activity during mealtimes. Feeding assistance nearly doubled post-PMP implementation (15-29%, P=0.002). Abstract

MAJKA, A.J., WANG, Z., SCHMITZ, K.R., NIESEN, C.R., LARSEN, R.A., KINSEY, G.C., MURAD, A.L., PROKOP, L.J. and MURAD, M.H., 2014. Care coordination to enhance management of long-term enteral tube feeding: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Jpen: Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition, 38(1), pp. 40-52
Abstract: A systematic review and meta-analysis was completed to summarize care delivery models that used care coordination and/or team approach methods in the management of patients requiring long-term enteral tube feeding. Abstract

PENNEY, B., 2014. Use of fluid thickener to reduce dysphagia risk. Nursing Times, 110(12), pp. 16-18
Abstract: Evaluation of the use of fluid thickeners to reduce the risks of swallowing difficulties, including changing the thickeners used and ensuring there was some consistency with regard to the terminology used related to food textures, as well as undertaking staff training. Full Text

PIMENTA, G.P. and DE, J.E., 2014. Prolonged preoperative fasting in elective surgical patients: Why should we reduce it? Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 29(1), pp. 22-28
Abstract: Despite the abundance of evidence to the contrary, 6-8 hours of total preoperative fasting is still considered essential by many surgeons and anesthesiologists, based on the strength of old concepts. Patients frequently end up fasting for 12 hours or more because of delays and changes in operating room schedules.  Abstract

ROSSI, M., CAMPBELL, K.L. and FERGUSON, M., 2014. Implementation of the nutrition care process and international dietetics and nutrition terminology in a single-center hemodialysis unit: Comparing paper vs electronic records. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 114(1), pp. 124-130
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to compare the efficiency and effectiveness of an electronic and a manual paper-based system for capturing the Nutrition Care Process and IDNT in a single in-center hemodialysis unit. Full text. Abstract

SANTAMOUR, B., 2014. Mystery Meals No More. H&HN: Hospitals & Health Networks, 88(3), pp. 10-11
Abstract: An introduction to this issue is presented, discussing various articles, including those about malnutrition among hospital patients, nutrition counseling and outpatient medical care. Full Text

WEN, L., JOOYOUNG, C. and THOMAS, A., 2014. Interventions on mealtime difficulties in older adults with dementia: A systematic review. International journal of nursing studies, 51(1), pp. 14-28
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of interventions on mealtime difficulties in older adults with dementia. This review provides updated evidence for clinical practice and points out priorities for nursing research. Full Text Abstract

YANG, S., WU, X., YU, W. and LI, J., 2014. Early enteral nutrition in critically ill patients with hemodynamic instability: An evidence-based review and practical advice. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 29(1), pp. 90-96
Abstract: This review summarizes the effect of Early enteral nutrition (EEN)  and vasoactive agents on gastrointestinal blood flow and perfusion in critically ill patients, based on current evidence. Abstract

Nutritional Status

ALLEN, J., METHVEN, L. and GOSNEY, A., 2013. Use of nutritional complete supplements in older adults with dementia: Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical outcomes. Clinical Nutrition,32(6), pp. 950-958
Abstract: This paper systematically reviewed clinical, wellbeing and nutritional outcomes in people with long-term cognitive impairment. Additional research is required in both comparing nutritional supplements to vitamin/mineral tablets and high protein/calorie shots and clinical outcomes relevant to people with dementia. Full Text Abstract

AYERS, P., ADAMS, S., BOULLATA, J., GERVASIO, J., HOLCOMBE, B., KRAFT, M.D., MARSHALL, N., NEAL, A., SACKS, G., SERES, D.S., WORTHINGTON, P. and AMERICAN, S.,NUTRITION, 2014. A.S.P.E.N. Parenteral nutrition safety consensus recommendations. Jpen: Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition, 38(3), pp. 296-333
Abstract: Consensus recommendations to minimize errors with Parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy, categorized in the areas of PN prescribing, order review and verification, compounding, and administration. Abstract

BAER, J.T., 2013. Improving protein and vitamin D status of obese patients participating in physical rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Nursing Journal, 38(3), pp. 115-9
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to identify protein and vitamin D inadequacy in arthroplasty patients, and observe the effect of supplementation on metabolic markers on protein and vitamin D status. Abstract  Full Text

CASAER, M.P. and VAN, D.B., 2014. Nutrition in the Acute Phase of Critical Illness. N Engl J Med,370(13), pp. 1227-1236
Abstract: This review covers current knowledge related to the initiation of enteral or parenteral feeding among critically ill patients in the ICU. Abstract

CHEN, X., LIU, Z., SUN, T., REN, J. and WANG, X., 2014. Relationship between nutritional status and mortality during the first 2 weeks following treatment for cervical spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 37(1), pp. 72-78
Abstract: The relationship between dynamic nutritional status change and mortality in patients treated for cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI)  was investigated.  Early corrective action for hypoalbuminemia may help to reduce mortality in patients with CSCI. Abstract

CULHANE, S., GEORGE, C., PEARO, B. and SPOEDE, E., 2013. Malnutrition in cystic fibrosis: a review. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 28(6), pp. 676-83
Abstract: Malnutrition is one of the main burdens of disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) along with lung disease. The purpose of this review is to further explore the causes of malnutrition and explain current research to prevent malnutrition in the CF population. Abstract

ELKE, G., WANG, M., WEILER, N., DAY, A.G. and HEYLAND, D.K., 2014. Close to recommended caloric and protein intake by enteral nutrition is associated with better clinical outcome of critically ill septic patients: Secondary analysis of a large international nutrition database. Critical Care,18(1),
Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of energy and protein amount given by enteral nutrition (EN)  on clinical outcomes in a large cohort of critically ill septic patients. Abstract Full Text

EVROPI THEODORATOU, IOANNA TZOULAKI, LINA ZGAGA and JOHN P A IOANNIDIS, 2014. Vitamin D and multiple health outcomes: umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised trials. BMJ, 348
Abstract: Study to evaluate the breadth, validity, and presence of biases of the associations of vitamin D with diverse outcomes. Highly convincing evidence of a clear role of vitamin D does not exist for any outcome, but associations with a selection of outcomes are probable. Abstract Full Text

FLOOD, A., CHUNG, A., PARKER, H., KEARNS, V. and O’SULLIVAN, A., 2014. The use of hand grip strength as a predictor of nutrition status in hospital patients. Clinical Nutrition, 33(1), pp. 106-115
Abstract: Hand grip strength (HGS) has been found to respond to nutrition deprivation and repletion but few studies have investigated its use as an independent nutrition assessment tool. The study results suggest that HGS can independently predict nutrition status and change in nutrition status.    Abstract Full Text

HAMILTON, C. and BOYCE, V.J., 2013. Addressing malnutrition in hospitalized adults. Jpen: Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition, 37(6), pp. 808-15
Abstract: In an era when the cost of healthcare is rising as the population ages, addressing malnutrition in hospitalized patients is an important priority. For greatest success, this attention to recognizing and addressing malnutrition begins at admission and continues beyond discharge to the community. Abstract

HERTLEIN, L., KIRSCHENHOFER, A., FURST, S., BEER, D., GOSS, C., LENHARD, M., FRIESE, K., BURGES, A. and RITTLER, P., 2014. Malnutrition and clinical outcome in gynecologic patients. European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 174(1), pp. 137-140
Abstract: Malnutrition occurs frequently among gynecologic patients. Adequate perioperative nutritional supportive therapy should be considered in malnourished patients to improve their clinical outcome. Abstract  Full Text

HETBUTERNE, X.E.A., 2014. Prevalence of Malnutrition And Current Use Of Nutrition Support In Patients With Cancer. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 38(2), pp. 196-204
Abstract: Study to evaluate on 1 day the prevalence of malnutrition in different types of cancer and the use of nutrition support in patients with cancer. Abstract

JENSEN, G.L., COMPHER, C., SULLIVAN, D.H. and MULLIN, G.E., 2013. Recognizing malnutrition in adults: definitions and characteristics, screening, assessment, and team approach. Jpen: Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition, 37(6), pp. 802-7
Abstract: Nutrition screening tools are used to identify patients at nutrition risk and those who are likely to benefit from further assessment and intervention. Since screening delays and failures in the diagnosis and management of malnutrition are all too common, a multidisciplinary team approach is recommended to promote improved communication and quality of care. Abstract


KENIS, C., DECOSTER, L., VAN, K., DE, J., CONINGS, G., MILISEN, K., FLAMAING, J., LOBELLE, J.P. and WILDIERS, H., 2014. Performance of two geriatric screening tools in older patients with cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 32(1), pp. 19-26
Abstract: To compare the diagnostic characteristics of two geriatric screening tools to identify patients with a geriatric risk profile and to evaluate their prognostic value for functional decline and overall survival. Abstract Full Text

KORETZ, R.L., 2014. The evidence for the use of nutritional support in liver disease. Current opinion in gastroenterology, 30(2), pp. 208-214
Abstract: Although malnutrition may be associated with a poor outcome, the current best evidence indicates that the provision of adjunctive nutritional support (parenteral or enteral nutrition, or nutritional supplements) to patients with a variety of liver diseases does not improve clinical outcomes. Abstract

KRAFT, M., GÄRTNER, S., SIMON, P., KRAFT, K., SCHÜLER, N., KRÜGER, J., VOGT, J., HEIDECKE, C. and LERCH, M., 2014. Quality control of parenteral nutrition in hospitalized patients. Nutrition,30(2), pp. 165-169
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the compliance with nutritional guidelines for PN in a university hospital setting. In routine hospital practice, PN is generally not provided in compliance with established guidelines. Abstract Full Text

MANDELL, S.P. and GIBRAN, N.S., 2014. Early enteral nutrition for burn injury. Advances in Wound Care, 3(1), pp. 64-70
Abstract: The majority of evidence regarding early enteral feeding in burn patients comes from mixed populations and smaller studies. However, on balance, available evidence favors early feeding. Further data are needed on the dosing and route of micronutrients as well as the utility of immunonutrition. Abstract Full Text

ONUR, O.E., ONUR, E., GUNEYSEL, O., AKOGLU, H., DENIZBASI, A. and DEMIR, H., 2013. Endoscopic gastrostomy, nasojejunal and oral feeding comparison in aspiration pneumonia patients .Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 18(12), pp. 1097-102
Abstract: This is a prospective clinical study of enteral feeding on patients admitted to hospital with aspiration pneumonia. In aspiration pneumonia patients' long-term survival rates of the different feeding groups were not significantly divergent from each other. Abstract Full Text

SÖDERSTRÖM, L., ROSENBLAD, A., ADOLFSSON, E.,THORS, SALETTI, A. and BERGKVIST, L., 2014. Nutritional status predicts preterm death in older people: A prospective cohort study. Clinical Nutrition, 33(2), pp. 354-360
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to examine whether nutritional status, defined according to the three categories in the full Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument, is an independent predictor of preterm death in people 65 years and older. Abstract Full Text

SINGER, P., DOIG, G.S. and PICHARD, C., 2014. The truth about nutrition in the ICU. Intensive care medicine, 40(2), pp. 252-255. Abstract Full Text

STRATTON, R.J., HEBUTERNE, X. and ELIA, M., 2013. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of oral nutritional supplements on hospital readmissions. Ageing Research Reviews, 12(4), pp. 884-97
Abstract: This systematic review examined the effects of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) on hospital (re)admissions. The review shows that ONS significantly reduce hospital (re)admissions, particularly in older patient groups, with economic implications for health care. Abstract Full Text

THAKUR, N., CHANDRA, J., PEMDE, H. and SINGH, V., 2014. Anemia in severe acute malnutrition. Nutrition, 30(4), pp. 440-443
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and type of anemia and to evaluate the possible etiologies for severe anemia, in Indian children with severe acute malnutrition. Abstract Full Text

VERHAEGH, B.P., REIJVEN, P.L., PRINS, M.H., BROUNS, J.H., MASCLEE, A.A. and KEULEMANS, Y.C., 2013. Nutritional status in patients with chronic pancreatitis. European journal of clinical nutrition, 67(12), pp. 1271-6
Abstract: This explorative cross-sectional study was performed to survey the nutritional status of Chronic pancreatitis (CP) outpatients. CP outpatients are at risk of malnutrition. An extended nutritional assessment is recommended in CP patients. Abstract

WEIJS, P.J.M., 2014. Fundamental determinants of protein requirements in the ICU. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 17(2), pp. 183-189
Abstract: Energy feeding in the ICU has been the topic of randomized studies, but protein feeding has not. Study results are contradictory on early feeding; however, little is known about early protein requirement. Abstract

WHITE, J.V., STOTTS, N., JONES, S.W. and GRANIERI, E., 2013. Managing postacute malnutrition (undernutrition) risk. Jpen: Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition, 37(6), pp. 816-23
Abstract: Factors critical to the successful development and implementation of a post-acute nutrition care plan are described. Nutrition-related contributors to readmissions in HF are delineated. . An evidence-based systematic approach to determine those patients in whom palliative vs restorative nutrition care is appropriate needs to be developed. Abstract

ZHANG, L., LU, Y. and FANG, Y., 2014. Nutritional status and related factors of patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. British Journal of Nutrition, 111(7), pp. 1239-44
Abstract: A cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status and related factors of patients with gastrointestinal cancer.  The nutritional status of these patients should be evaluated and they should be given proper nutrition education and nutritional support in a timely manner. Abstract Full Text


Trust pilots new approach to cut under-nutrition. 2014. Nursing times, 110(4), pp. 4-5 Abstract Full Text

BLANCHETTE, M., HUIRAS, P. and PAPADOPOULOS, S., 2014. Standardized versus custom parenteral nutrition: Impact on clinical and cost-related outcomes. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 71(2), pp. 114-122
Abstract: Report of a study comparing clinical and cost outcomes with the use of standardized versus custom-prepared parenteral nutrition (PN) in an acute care setting.  A standardized PN formulation was as effective as custom PN in achieving estimated caloric requirements. Abstract Full Text

BOND, P., 2013. A hospital nutrition improvement programme. Nursing times, 109(39), pp. 22
Abstract: After recognising the variable quality of nutritional care in its hospitals NHS Scotland implemented an improvement programme to engage staff at all levels.  Full Text

BUYS, R., FLOOD, L., REAL, K., CHANG, M. and LOCHER, L., 2013. Mealtime assistance for hospitalized older adults: a report on the SPOONS volunteer program. Journal of gerontological nursing, 39(9), pp. 18
Abstract: This article reports the implementation of the Support for and Promotion Of Optimal Nutritional Status (SPOONS) volunteer assistance program. This demonstration of the SPOONS program should be followed up with an evaluation of its effectiveness. Abstract Full Text

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, 2014. Hospital food standards: Sustain campaign. March
Abstract: Government response to the Adoption of food standards in NHS hospitals. Full Text

ESPELAND, M.A., REJESKI, W.J., WEST, D.S., BRAY, G.A., CLARK, J.M., PETERS, A.L., CHEN, H., JOHNSON, K.C., HORTON, E.S. and HAZUDA, H.P., 2013. Intensive weight loss intervention in older individuals: Results from the Action for Health in Diabetes type 2 diabetes mellitus trial. Journal - American Geriatrics Society, 61(6), pp. 912-22
Abstract: Intensive lifestyle intervention targeting weight loss and increased physical activity is effective in overweight and obese older individuals to produce sustained weight loss and improvements in fitness and cardiovascular risk factors. Abstract Full Text

GEURDEN, B., WOUTERS, C., FRANCK, E., WEYLER, J. and YSEBAERT, D., 2014. Does Documentation in Nursing Records of Nutritional Screening on Admission to Hospital Reflect the Use of Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines for Malnutrition? International Journal of Nursing Knowledge, 25(1), pp. 43-49
Abstract:  The purpose of this study was to describe the documentation of nutrition-related data and wards referral to dieticians in a Belgian university hospital. Nurses' documentation of nutrition-related data should be improved to facilitate treatment of malnutrition with tailored multidisciplinary interventions.  Full Text

GOONAN, S., MIROSA, M. and SPENCE, H., 2014. Getting a taste for food waste: a mixed methods ethnographic study into hospital food waste before patient consumption conducted at three New Zealand foodservice facilities. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics, 114(1), pp. 63-71
Abstract: Foodservice organizations, particularly those in hospitals, are large producers of food waste. This study provides a foundation for further research on sustainable behavior within the wider foodservice sector and dietetics practice. Abstract Full Text

GOURIN, G., COUCH, E. and JOHNSON, T., 2014. Effect of Weight Loss on Short-Term Outcomes and Costs of Care After Head and Neck Cancer Surgery. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 123(2), pp. 101-111
Abstract: Weight loss is associated with increases in medical complications, surgical complications, length of hospitalization, and hospital-related costs in HNC surgical patients. Identification and treatment of underlying dysphagia and malnutrition may reduce the medical and surgical morbidity in this high-risk population. Abstract Full Text

HUDSON, L.M. and BOULLATA, J.I., 2014. A quality improvement case report: An institution's experience in pursuing excellence in parenteral nutrition safety. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 38(3), pp. 378-384
Abstract: A case report of one institution's quality improvement initiative in the parenteral nutrition (PN)-use process is described. Abstract

KEOGH, K., 2014. Support teams can help patients arriving at hospitals malnourished. Nursing Standard, 28(30),
Abstract: Almost one third of adults in the UK are malnourished on admission to hospital, a report states. Abstract Full Text

VAN, A.E.,MARIAN, GUAITOLI, P.,REALINO, JANSMA, P. and DE, C.W.,HENRICA, 2014. Nutrition screening tools: Does one size fit all? A systematic review of screening tools for the hospital setting. Clinical Nutrition, 33(1), pp. 39-59
Abstract: The aim of this systematic review is to study construct or criterion validity and predictive validity of nutrition screening tools for the general hospital setting.  New studies comparing different tools within one patient population are required. Abstract Full Text

VESELY, R., 2014. Hospitals Put NUTRITION on the Front Burner. H&HN: Hospitals & Health Networks, 88(3), pp. 30-34
Abstract: The article reports that hospitals and health systems in the U.S. are focused in improving food offerings to promote healthy living. Hospitals are also looking spread information about malnutrition among hospital patients. Abstract  Full Text

WATTS, J., 2013. The impact of family-style dining in care homes or hospitals. Journal of Dementia Care, 21(5), pp. 32
Abstract: The impact of family style dining on the nutritional status of older people and people with dementia in care homes or hospitals: a review of the evidence.
In print at Solihull.