Neonatology Supplement - December 2015

Cochrane Reviews

Foster, J.P., Richards, R., Showell, M.G. & Jones, L.J. (2015) Intravenous in-line filters for preventing morbidity and mortality in neonates. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 8, pp. CD005248. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Author’s Conclusions: There are insufficient data to determine whether or not the use of intravenous in-line filters prevent morbidity and mortality in neonates. The wide confidence intervals on outcomes indicate the imprecise estimates of treatment effect due to the small numbers of patients and events.

Kassab, M., Khriesat, W.M. & Anabrees, J. (2015) Diuretics for transient tachypnoea of the newborn. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews,11 pp. CD003064. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Author’s Conclusions: Diuretics cannot be recommended as treatment for transient tachypnoea of the newborn and it should not be used unless additional data become available. This finding suggests that either furosemide is not effective in promoting resorption of lung fluid, or factors other than delayed resorption of this fluid contribute to the pathogenesis of transient tachypnoea of the newborn. The question remains as to whether furosemide given to the infant (or even to the mother before caesarean section) might shorten the duration of the illness. As elective caesarean section continues at a high level, these two interventions might be worthy of trials.

Mishra, S., Cheema, A., Agarwal, R., Deorari, A. & Paul, V. (2015) Oral zinc for the prevention of hyperbilirubinaemia in neonates, The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 7, pp. CD008432. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Author’s Conclusions: the limited evidence available has not shown that oral zinc supplementation given to infants up to one week old reduces the incidence of hyperbilirubinaemia or need for phototherapy

Ogunlesi TA, Odigwe CC, Oladapo OT (2015) Adjuvant corticosteroids for reducing death in neonatal bacterial meningitis, Cochrane Database Syst.Rev., 11, pp. CD010435. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Author’s Conclusions: Very low-quality data from two randomised controlled trials suggest that some reduction in death and hearing loss may result from use of adjunctive steroids alongside standard antibiotic therapy for treatment of patients with neonatal meningitis. Benefit is not yet seen with regards to reduction in neurological sequelae. Researchers who wish to clarify these findings must conduct more robustly designed trials with greater numbers of participants, evaluating more relevant outcomes and providing adequate follow-up.

Walter, J.H., Jahnke, N. & Remmington, T. (2015) Newborn screening for homocystinuria, The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 10, pp. CD008840. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Author’s Conclusions: We were unable to identify eligible studies for inclusion in this review and hence it is not possible to draw any conclusions based on controlled studies; however, we are aware of uncontrolled case-series which support the efficacy of new-born screening forhomocystinuria and its early treatment. Any future randomised controlled trial would need to be both multicentre and long term in order to provide robust evidence for or against screening and to allow a cost effectiveness analysis to be undertaken.

General

Bergon-Sendin, et al  (2015) Smart pumps and random safety audits in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: a new challenge for patient safety, BMC pediatrics, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 206. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Bhandari, V. & Gruen, J.R. (2015) What is the basis for a genetic approach in neonatal disorders? Seminars in perinatology, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 568-573.  Link to abstract.

Correia Martins, L.,et al. (2015) Catch-up growth in term and preterm infants after surgical closure of ventricular septal defect in the first year of life European journal of pediatrics. Link to abstract.

Dapaah-Siakwan, F., Gunasekaran, A. & Schutzman, D.L. (2015) C-reactive protein levels following hepatitis B vaccine in healthy newborns Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association. Link to abstract.

Edwards, Let al. (2015) Gabapentin Use in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, The Journal of pediatrics. Link to abstract.

Gale, C., Modi, N. & WHEAT trial development group (2016) Neonatal randomised point-of-care trials are feasible and acceptable in the UK: results from two national surveys Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 86-87. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Gregory, K.E., LaPlante, R.D., Shan, G., Kumar, D.V. & Gregas, M. (2015) Mode of Birth Influences Preterm Infant Intestinal Colonization With Bacteroides Over the Early Neonatal Period, Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 386-393. Link to abstract.

Kaiser, J.R. et al. (2015) Association Between Transient Newborn Hypoglycemia and Fourth-Grade Achievement Test Proficiency: A Population-Based Study JAMA pediatrics, vol. 169, no. 10, pp. 913-921. Link to abstract.

Kelly, M.S., Benjamin, D.K.,Jr & Smith, P.B.(2015) The epidemiology and diagnosis of invasive candidiasis among premature infants Clinics in perinatology, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 105-17, viii-ix. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Liao, S.L.et al. (2015) Prenatal exposure to bisphenol-A is associated with Toll-like receptor induced cytokine suppression in neonates Pediatric research. Link to abstract.

Movsas, T.Z., Spitzer, A.R. & Gewolb, I.H. (2015) Trisomy 21 and Risk of Retinopathy of Prematurity Pediatrics, vol. 136, no. 2, pp. e441-7. Link to abstract.

Oji-Mmuo, C.N., et al. (2015) Skin Conductance at Baseline and Post-Heel Lance Reflects Sympathetic Activation in Neonatal Opiate Withdrawal Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992). Link to abstract.

Petrikin, J.E., Willig, L.K., Smith, L.D. & Kingsmore, S.F. (2015) Rapid whole genome sequencing and precision neonatology Seminars in perinatology, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 623-631. Link to abstract.

Profit, J. & Soll, R.F. (2015) Neonatal networks: clinical research and quality improvement, Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine. Link to abstract.

Sadeghi Fathabadi, O.et al. (2015) Characterisation of the Oxygenation Response to Inspired Oxygen Adjustments in Preterm Infants Neonatology, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 37-43. Link to abstract.

van Vonderen, J.J., Lista, G., Cavigioli, F., Hooper, S.B. & te Pas, A.B. (2015) Effectivity of ventilation by measuring expired CO2 and RIP during stabilisation of preterm infants at birth Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition, vol. 100, no. 6, pp. F514-F518. Link to abstract.

Cardiovascular Complications

Desai, N.K., et al. (2015) White matter injury and the inflammatory response following neonatal cardiac surgery Pediatric cardiology, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 942-949. Link to abstract.

Kane, J.M., et al. (2015) Management Options and Outcomes for Neonatal Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome in the Early Twenty-First Century Pediatric cardiology. Link to abstract.

Motta, C. et al. (2015) The association of congenital heart disease with necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants: a birth cohort study Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 949-953. Link to abstract.

Myers, P.O. et al. (2015) Neonatal Mitral Valve Repair in Biventricular Repair, Single Ventricle Palliation, and Secondary Left Ventricular Recruitment: Indications, Techniques, and Mid-Term Outcomes Frontiers in surgery, vol. 2, pp. 59. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Peng, D.M. et al. (2015) Diagnosing Neonatal Aortic Coarctation in the Setting of Patent Ductus Arteriosus The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. Link to abstract.

Sayed, A. & Bisheer, N. (2015) Outcome of oral sildenafil in neonatal persistent pulmonary hypertension of non-cardiac causes Journal of neonatal-perinatal medicine, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 215-220. Link to abstract.

Terrin, G., et al. (2015) Paracetamol for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates: a systematic review and meta-analysis Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition. Link to abstract.

Tweddell, J.S. (2016) Advances in neonatal cardiac surgery: recent advances, the low-hanging fruit, what is on the horizon and the next moonshot Current opinion in cardiology, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 109-116. Link to abstract.

Vadlamudi, K., Bakhru, S., Koneti, N.R. & Jagannath, B.R. (2015) Critical thrombotic obstruction of transverse aortic arch in a neonate Annals of pediatric cardiology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 140-142. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Dermatology

Scharschmidt, T.C., et al. (2015) A Wave of Regulatory T Cells into Neonatal Skin Mediates Tolerance to Commensal Microbes Immunity, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1011-1021. Link to abstract.

Development Issues

Kocek, M., Wilcox, R., Crank, C. & Patra, K. (2015) Evaluation of the relationship between opioid exposure in extremely low birth weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2years Early human development, vol. 92, pp. 29-32. Link to abstract

Linsell, L., Malouf, R., Morris, J., Kurinczuk, J.J. & Marlow, N. (2015) Prognostic Factors for Poor Cognitive Development in Children Born Very Preterm or With Very Low Birth Weight: A Systematic Review JAMA pediatrics, vol. 169, no. 12, pp. 1162-1172. Link to abstract

Monangi, N.K., Brockway, H.M., House, M., Zhang, G. & Muglia, L.J. (2015) The genetics of preterm birth: Progress and promise Seminars in perinatology, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 574-583. Link to abstract

Scharf, R.J., Stroustrup, A., Conaway, M.R. & DeBoer, M.D. (2015) Growth and development in children born very low birth weight Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition. Link to abstract

Endocrine, Fluids & Electrolytes

Priyadarshi, A., Verge, C.F., Vandervliet, L., Mackay, D.J. & Bolisetty, S. (2015) Transient Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus followed by recurrent asymptomatic hypoglycaemia: a case report BMC pediatrics, vol. 15, pp. 200-015-0512-7. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

ENT & Eyes

Chan, K.T., Wong, E.C., Law, C.W., Chong, H.M. & McPherson, B. (2015) Improving newborn hearing screening: Are automated auditory brainstem response ear inserts an effective option? International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, vol. 79, no. 11, pp. 1920-1925. Link to abstract.

Vital, I., Psillas, G., Nikolaides, N., Kekes, G., Hatzopoulos, S. & Constantinidis, J. (2015) Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions testing in neonates treated with an aminoglycoside in a neonatal intensive care unit Ear, nose, & throat journal, vol. 94, no. 4-5, pp. 156-165. Link to abstract.

Family Support & Ethical Issues

Bry, K., Bry, M., Hentz, E., Karlsson, H.L., Kyllonen, H., Lundkvist, M. & Wigert, H. (2015), Communication skills training enhances nurses' ability to respond with empathy to parents' emotions in a neonatal intensive care unit Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) Link to abstract.

Janvier, A. & Farlow, B. (2015) The ethics of neonatal research: An ethicist's and a parents' perspective Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine Link to abstract

Kaempf, J.W., Tomlinson, M.W. & Tuohey, J. (2015) Extremely premature birth and the choice of neonatal intensive care versus palliative comfort care: an 18-year single-center experience Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association. Link to abstract

Msall, M.E. (2015) Optimizing parental involvement in caring for preterm infants Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 669-670. Link to abstract

Samra, H.A. & Smith, B.A. (2015) The Effect of Staff Nurses' Shift Length and Fatigue on Patient Safety and Nurses' Health: From the National Association of Neonatal Nurses Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 311. Link to abstract

Sarnaik, A.A. (2015) Neonatal and Pediatric Organ Donation: Ethical Perspectives and Implications for Policy Frontiers in pediatrics, vol. 3, pp. 100. Link to abstract. Link to full text,

Woolfall, K., Frith, L., Dawson, A., Gamble, C., Lyttle, M.D., CONNECT advisory group & Young, B. (2015) 15 Minute Consultation: an Evidence-Based Approach to Research without Prior Consent (Deferred Consent) in Neonatal and Paediatric Critical Care Trials Archives of disease in childhood.Education and practice edition. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Gastrointestinal Complications

Asmerom, M., Crowe, L. & Marin, T. (2015) Understanding the Biologic Therapies of Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics: Exploring Current Evidence for Use in Premature Infants for the Prevention of Necrotizing Enterocolitis The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 240-7; quiz E2. Link to abstract.

Chowning, R., Radmacher, P., Lewis, S., Serke, L., Pettit, N. & Adamkin, D.H. (2015) A retrospective analysis of the effect of human milk on prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis and postnatal growth Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association. Link to abstract.

Coggins, S.A., Wynn, J.L. & Weitkamp, J.H. (2015) Infectious causes of necrotizing enterocolitis Clinics in perinatology, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 133-54, ix.

de Meij, T.G. et al (2015) Early Detection of Necrotizing Enterocolitis by Fecal Volatile Organic Compounds Analysis The Journal of pediatrics, vol. 167, no. 3, pp. 562-7.e1. Link to abstract.

Gephart, S.M., Martin, L.B., Kijewski, A. & Johnson, S.R. (2015) Joseph's Story: A Case Study of Late-Onset Necrotizing Enterocolitis from Early Birth to Recovery The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 345-355. Link to abstract.

Grishin, A., Bowling, J., Bell, B., Wang, J. & Ford, H.R. (2015) Roles of nitric oxide and intestinal microbiota in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis Journal of pediatric surgery. Link to abstract.

Olsen, R., Greisen, G., Schroder, M. & Brok, J. (2015) Prophylactic Probiotics for Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies Neonatology, vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 105-112. Link to abstract. Link to full text

Qureshi, A., Malkar, M., Splaingard, M., Khuhro, A. & Jadcherla, S. (2015) The Role of Sleep in the Modulation of Gastroesophageal Reflux and Symptoms in NICU Neonates Pediatric neurology, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 226-232. Link to abstract.

Tiwari, C., Sandlas, G., Jayaswal, S. & Shah, H. (2015) Spontaneous intestinal perforation in neonates Journal of neonatal surgery, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 14-Jun. Link to abstract Link to full text.

Vallabhaneni, S. & Mody, R.K. (2015) Gastrointestinal Mucormycosis in Neonates: a Review Current Fungal Infection Reports, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 269 -274. Link to abstract. Link to full text

Haematology

Christensen, R.D. & Yaish, H.M. (2015) Hemolytic Disorders Causing Severe Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia Clinics in perinatology, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 515-527. Link to abstract. Link to full text. 

Rajagopal, R., Cheah, F.C. & Monagle, P. (2015) Thromboembolism and anticoagulation management in the preterm infanSeminars in fetal & neonatal medicine. Link to abstract.

Infections & Control

Achermann, Y., et al. (2015) Epidemiology of Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in a Neonatology Ward Infection control and hospital epidemiology, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 1305-1312. Link to abstract.

Deshpande, A., Curran, E.T., Jamdar, S., Inkster, T. & Jones, B.L. (2015) Historical outbreak of Salmonella hadar The Journal of hospital infection, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 171-175. Link to abstract.

El-Radhi, A.S. (2015) Management of common neonatal problems British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing), vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 258, 260, 262-5. Link to abstract.

Shalabi, M., Adel, M., Yoon, E., Aziz, K., Lee, S., Shah, P.S. & Canadian Neonatal Network (2015) Risk of Infection Using Peripherally Inserted Central and Umbilical Catheters in Preterm Neonates Pediatrics, vol. 136, no. 6, pp. 1073-1079. Link to abstract.

Tibussek, D., et al. (2015) Late-onset group B streptococcal meningitis has cerebrovascular complications The Journal of pediatrics, vol. 166, no. 5, pp. 1187-1192.e1. Link to abstract.

Williams, E.J., et al. (2015) First estimates of the potential cost and cost saving of protecting childhood hearing from damage caused by congenital CMV infection Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 6, pp. F501-6. Link to abstract.  Link to full text.

Nephrology

Constance, J.E., et al. (2015) A propensity-matched cohort study of vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity in neonates Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Cooksey, R. & Woodward, M.N. (2015) Laparoscopic-assisted retroperitoneal nephrectomy in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease Journal of pediatric urology. Link to abstract.

Fabiano, V.,et al. (2015) Enalapril Associated with Furosemide Induced Acute Kidney Injury in an Infant with Heart Failure. A Case Report, a Revision of the Literature and a Pharmacovigilance Database Analysis Pharmacology, vol. 97, no. 1-2, pp. 38-42. Link to abstract.

Pollack, S., Eisenstein, I., Tarabeih, M., Shasha-Lavski, H., Magen, D. & Zelikovic, I. (2015) Long-term hemodialysis therapy in neonates and infants with end-stage renal disease: a 16-year experience and outcome Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany). Link to abstract.

Neurology

Ambalavanan, N., et al. (2015) PaCO2 in surfactant, positive pressure, and oxygenation randomised trial (SUPPORT) Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. F145-9. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Basu, S.K., Kaiser, J.R., Guffey, D., Minard, C.G., Guillet, R., Gunn, A.J. & CoolCap Study Group (2015) Hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia are associated with unfavourable outcome in infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy: a post hoc analysis of the CoolCap Study Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Brecht, M. & Wilkinson, D.J. 2015 The outcome of treatment limitation discussions in newborns with brain injury Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. F155-60. Link to abstract.  Link to full text.

Kali, G.T., Martinez-Biarge, M., Van Zyl, J., Smith, J. & Rutherford, M. (2015) Management of therapeutic hypothermia for neonatal hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy in a tertiary centre in South Africa Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 6, pp. F519-23. Link to abstract.  Link to full text.

Lekic, T., Klebe, D., McBride, D.W., Manaenko, A., Rolland, W.B., Flores, J.J., Altay, O., Tang, J. & Zhang, J.H. (2015) Protease-activated receptor 1 and 4 signal inhibition reduces preterm neonatal hemorrhagic brain injury Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1710-1713. Link to abstract.

Massaro, A.N. (2015) MRI for neurodevelopmental prognostication in the high-risk term infant Seminars in perinatology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 159-167. Link to abstract.

Plaisier, A., Raets, M.M., Ecury-Goossen, G.M., Govaert, P., Feijen-Roon, M., Reiss, I.K., Smit, L.S., Lequin, M.H. & Dudink, J. (2015) Serial cranial ultrasonography or early MRI for detecting preterm brain injury? Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. F293-300. Link to abstract.  Link to full text.

Nutrition & Feeding Complications

Assad, M., Elliott, M.J. & Abraham, J.H. (2015) Decreased cost and improved feeding tolerance in VLBW infants fed an exclusive human milk diet Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association. Link to abstract.

Casavant, S.G., McGrath, J.M., Burke, G. & Briere, C.E. 2015 Caregiving Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Duration Within a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 421-428. Link to abstract.

Chowning, R., Radmacher, P., Lewis, S., Serke, L., Pettit, N. & Adamkin, D.H. (2015) A retrospective analysis of the effect of human milk on prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis and postnatal growth Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association. Link to abstract.

Christian, P., et al. (2015) Nutrition and maternal, neonatal, and child health Seminars in perinatology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 361-372. Link to abstract.

Guellec, I., et al. (2015) Biological Impact of Recent Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition in Preterm Infants Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 605-609. Link to abstract.

Horta, B.L., Loret de Mola, C. & Victora, C.G. (2015) Breastfeeding and intelligence: a systematic review and meta-analysis Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992).Supplement, vol. 104, no. 467, pp. 14-19. Link to abstract.

Maguire, D.J., et al. Patterns of Disruptive Feeding Behaviors in Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (2015) Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. E1-2. Link to abstract.

Sinha, B., et al. (2015) Interventions to improve breastfeeding outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992).Supplement, vol. 104, no. 467, pp. 114-134. Link to abstract.

Vanderkruik, R., Lemon, E. & Dimidjian, S. (2015) Breastfeeding Support and Messaging: A Call to Integrate Public Health and Psychological Perspectives Maternal and child health journal, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 2545-2547. Link to abstract.

Wellington, A. & Perlman, J.M. (2015) Infant-driven feeding in premature infants: a quality improvement project Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition, vol. 100, no. 6, pp. F495-F500. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Zyblewski, S.C., et al. (2015) Randomized Clinical Trial of Preoperative Feeding to Evaluate Intestinal Barrier Function in Neonates Requiring Cardiac Surgery The Journal of pediatrics, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 47-51.e1. Link to abstract.

Oncology

Gonseth, S., et al. (2015) Periconceptional folate consumption is associated with neonatal DNA methylation modifications in neural crest regulatory and cancer development genes Epigenetics. Link to abstract.

Quinn, E., McGee, R., Nuccio, R., Pappo, A.S. & Nichols, K.E. (2015) Genetic Predisposition to Neonatal Tumors Current pediatric reviews, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 164-178. Link to abstract.

Peri-Viable Neonates

Andersen, C.C., Karayil, S.M., Hodyl, N.A. & Stark, M.J. 2015 Early red cell transfusion favourably alters cerebral oxygen extraction in very preterm newborns Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. F433-5. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Crane, J.M., Magee, L.A., Lee, T., Synnes, A., von Dadelszen, P., Dahlgren, L., De Silva, D.A., Liston, R. & Canadian Perinatal Network (CPN) Collaborative Group (2015) Maternal and perinatal outcomes of pregnancies delivered at 23 weeks gestation Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada: JOGC, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 214-224. Link to abstract.

Cummings, J. & COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORN 2015 Antenatal Counseling Regarding Resuscitation and Intensive Care Before 25 Weeks of Gestation Pediatrics, vol. 136, no. 3, pp. 588-595. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Fauchere, J.C., et al. (2015) Safety of Early High-Dose Recombinant Erythropoietin for Neuroprotection in Very Preterm Infants The Journal of pediatrics, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 52-7.e1-3. Link to abstract.

Faust, K., et al. (2015) Short-term outcome of very-low-birthweight infants with arterial hypotension in the first 24 h of life Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. F388-92. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Harma, A., Aikio, O., Hallman, M. & Saarela, T. (2015) Intravenous Paracetamol Decreases Requirements of Morphine in Very Preterm Infants The Journal of pediatrics. Link to abstract.

Kribs, A., et al. (2015) Nonintubated Surfactant Application vs Conventional Therapy in Extremely Preterm Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial JAMA pediatrics, vol. 169, no. 8, pp. 723-730. Link to abstract.

Litmanovitz, I., et al. (2015) Perinatal factors associated with active intensive treatment at the border of viability: a population-based study Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 705-711. Link to abstract.

Munar, W., Hovmand, P.S., Fleming, C. & Darmstadt, G.L. (2015) Scaling-up impact in perinatology through systems science: Bridging the collaboration and translational divides in cross-disciplinary research and public policy Seminars in perinatology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 416-423. Link to abstract.

Scheinost, D., et al. (2015) Cerebral Lateralization is Protective in the Very Prematurely Born Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y.: 1991), vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1858-1866. Link to abstract.

Vesoulis, Z.A., El Ters, N.M., Wallendorf, M. & Mathur, A.M. (2015) Empirical estimation of the normative blood pressure in infants <28 weeks gestation using a massive data approach Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association. Link to abstract.

Respiratory Complications & Support

Aversa, S., Marseglia, L., Manti, S., D'Angelo, G., Cuppari, C., David, A., Chirico, G. & Gitto, E. (2015) Ventilation strategies for preventing oxidative stress-induced injury in preterm infants with respiratory disease: an update Paediatric respiratory reviews. Link to abstract.

Evans, E.N. & Huffman, P.C. (2015) Initiating the use of non-invasive respiratory support following delivery of 27–30 week gestation infants in a Level III NICU Journal of Neonatal Nursing, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 248-254. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Goodwin, R. & Heraghty, J. (2015) Do healthcare professionals understand asthma devices? Archives of disease in childhood.Education and practice edition. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Haas, D.M., Lai, D., Sharma, S., Then, J., Kho, A., Flockhart, D.A., Tantisira, K. & Foroud, T. (2015) Steroid Pathway Genes and Neonatal Respiratory Distress After Betamethasone Use in Anticipated Preterm Birth Reproductive sciences.  Link to abstract.

Lista, G., et al. (2015) Sustained lung inflation at birth for preterm infants: a randomized clinical trial Pediatrics, vol. 135, no. 2, pp. e457-64. Link to abstract.

Lumsden, C.J., Byrne-Davis, L.M., Mooney, J.S. & Sandars, J. (2015) Using mobile devices for teaching and learning in clinical medicine Archives of disease in childhood.Education and practice edition, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 244-251. Link to abstract.

McColley, S.A. (2015) Sorting out the gray zone: Cystic fibrosis newborn screening Journal of cystic fibrosis : official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Link to abstract.

Millar, D., Lemyre, B., Kirpalani, H., Chiu, A., Yoder, B.A. & Roberts, R.S. (2016) A comparison of bilevel and ventilator-delivered non-invasive respiratory support Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 21-25. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Pryhuber, G.S. (2015) Postnatal Infections and Immunology Affecting Chronic Lung Disease of Prematurity Clinics in perinatology, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 697-718. Link to abstract.

Rathe, M., et al. (2015) Pierre Robin sequence: Management of respiratory and feeding complications during the first year of life in a tertiary referral centre International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 1206-1212. Link to abstract.

Roberts, J., Keene, S., Heard, M., McCracken, C. & Gauthier, T.W. (2015) Successful primary use of VVDL+V ECMO with cephalic drain in neonatal respiratory failure Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association. Link to abstract.

Sawires, H.K., Abdel Ghany, E.A., Hussein, N.F. & Seif, H.M. (2015) Use of lung ultrasound in detection of complications of respiratory distress syndrome Ultrasound in medicine & biology, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 2319-2325. Link to abstract.

Solevag, A.L. & Kann, I.C. (2015) N-BiPAP treatment in infants with respiratory distress syndrome: A population study Early human development, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 577-581. Link to abstract.

Spiegler, J., et al. (2015) Does Breastmilk Influence the Development of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia The Journal of pediatrics. Link to abstract.

van Vonderen, J.J., Kamlin, C.O., Dawson, J.A., Walther, F.J., Davis, P.G. & te Pas, A.B. (2015) Mask versus Nasal Tube for Stabilization of Preterm Infants at Birth: Respiratory Function Measurements The Journal of pediatrics, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 81-5.e1. Link to abstract.

Wang, J., Liu, X., Zhu, T. & Yan, C. (2015) Analysis of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome among different gestational segments International journal of clinical and experimental medicine, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 16. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Resuscitation

Drassinower, D., Friedman, A.M., Levin, H., Obican, S.G. & Gyamfi-Bannerman, C. (2015) Does magnesium exposure affect neonatal resuscitation? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 213, no. 3, pp. 424.e1-424.e5. Link to abstract.

Hishikawa, K., Goishi, K., Fujiwara, T., Kaneshige, M., Ito, Y. & Sago, H. (2015) Pulmonary air leak associated with CPAP at term birth resuscitation Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. F382-7. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Niermeyer, S. (2015) From the Neonatal Resuscitation Program to Helping Babies Breathe: Global impact of educational programs in neonatal resuscitation Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 300-308. Link to abstract.

Wilkinson, D.J. & Stenson, B. (2015) Don't stop now? How long should resuscitation continue at birth in the absence of a detectable heartbeat? Archives of disease in childhood.Fetal and neonatal edition, vol. 100, no. 6, pp. F476-8. Link to abstract. Link to full text.

Therapeutic Drugs

Allegaert, K. & van den Anker, J. (2015) Neonatal drug therapy: The first frontier of therapeutics for children Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 288-297. Link to abstract.

Funaki, T., Miyata, I., Shoji, K., Enomoto, Y., Sakamoto, S., Kasahara, M. & Miyairi, I. (2015) Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Neonatal HSV Infection on Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Pediatrics, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. e270-4. Link to abstract.

The following sources have been searched for evidence published in the previous three months 

·         NICE Evidence

·         NICE Guidelines

·         Department of Health

·         Kings Fund

·         BMJ Evidence Updates

·         Cochrane Review

Plus the following periodicals

·         Academic Pediatrics

·         ACTA Paediatrics

·         Advances in Neonatal Care

·         Annals of Pediatric Cardiology  

·         Archives of Diseases in Childhood

·         Archives of Diseases in Childhood – Fetal Medicine

·         Archives of Diseases in Childhood – Education and Practice

·         Archives of Disease in Childhood—Fetal and Neonatal Edition

·         BMC Pediatrics

·         Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

·         Child: Care, Health and Development

·         Clinical and Experimental Allergy

·         Clinical Pediatrics

·         Current Opinion in Pediatrics

·         European Journal of Paediatric Neurology

·         European Journal of Pediatrics

·         Evidence Based Midwifery

·         Fetal Maternal Medicine Review

·         Infant

·         JAMA Pediatrics

·         JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing

·         Journal of Adolescent Health

·         Journal of Allergy

·         Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

·         Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology (

·         Journal of Children’s Orthopaedics  

·         Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 

·         Journal of Neonatal Nursing

·         Journal of Paediatric and Child Health

·         Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition JPGN

·         Journal of Pediatric Healthcare

·         Journal of Pediatric Nursing  

·         Journal of Pediatric Surgery  

·         Journal of Pediatrics US

·         Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing

·         Journal of Specialist in Pediatric Nursing

·         Journal of Perinatology

·         Maternal and Child Nutrition  

·         Maternal and Child Health Journal

·         Neonatal Network

·         Neonatology

·         NeoReviews

·         Paediatrics and Child Health  

·         Paediatric Respiratory Review

·         Paediatric Surgery International

·         Pediatric Anaesthesia

·         Pediatric Clinics of North America

·         Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

·         Pediatric Diabetes

·         Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

·         Pediatric Nephrology

·         Pediatric Obesity

·         Pediatric Research

·         Pediatrics

·         Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

·         Seminars in Pediatric Surgery

·         Seminars in Perinatology